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Deciphering Age Differences in Experience-Based Decision-Making: The Role of Sleep
Peng, Xue-Rui1; Liu, Yun-Rui1,2; Fan, Dong-Qiong1,3; Lei, Xu1; Liu, Quan-Ying4; Yu, Jing1,5
Contribution Rank5
Abstract

Objective: Recent studies have demonstrated that sleep not only facilitates memory consolidation but also benefits more complex cognitive skills such as decision-making in young adults. Older adults use different decision strategies compared with young adults, which leaves the role of sleep in older adults' decision-making unclear. We investigated the age-bysleep effect on decision-making. Methods: We recruited 67 young adults (ages 18 to 29 years) and 66 older adults (ages 60 to 79 years) and randomly assigned them into the "sleep" or "wake" study condition. They were given a modified Iowa gambling task to perform before and after a 12-hour interval with sleep or wakefulness. Results: Using the typical model-free analysis, we found that young adults' between-session performance improved greater than that of older adults regardless of the sleep/wake condition. Furthermore, older adults with longer total sleep time showed a greater improvement in the selection of one "good" deck. To further examine the sleep effect on age-related differences in cognitive processes underlying decision-making, we conducted computational modelling. This more fine-grained analysis revealed that sleep improved feedback sensitivity for both young and older adults while it increased loss aversion for older adults but not for young adults. Conclusion: These findings indicate that sleep promotes learning-based decision-making performance via facilitating value representation, and such modulation is distinct in young compared to older adults.

Keyworddecision-making the Iowa gambling task sleep aging computational modelling
2020
Language英语
DOI10.2147/NSS.S272176
Source PublicationNATURE AND SCIENCE OF SLEEP
ISSN1179-1608
Volume12Pages:679-691
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31971007] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[71942004] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[6191101096] ; Ministry of Education of Humanities and Social Science project[17YJA190015] ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology[KLMH2019K02]
PublisherDOVE MEDICAL PRESS LTD
WOS KeywordVENTROMEDIAL PREFRONTAL CORTEX ; IOWA GAMBLING TASK ; MEMORY CONSOLIDATION ; EXECUTIVE FUNCTION ; OLDER ; INFORMATION ; CRITERION ; ADULTS ; TIME
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology
WOS SubjectClinical Neurology ; Neurosciences
WOS IDWOS:000575087900001
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/32962
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Quan-Ying; Yu, Jing
Affiliation1.Southwest Univ, Fac Psychol, Tiansheng Rd, Chongqing 400715, Peoples R China
2.Univ Basel, Dept Cognit & Decis Sci, Basel, Switzerland
3.Beihang Univ, Sch Biol Sci & Med Engn, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Southern Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Biomed Engn, 1088 Xueyuan Ave, Shenzhen 518055, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Peng, Xue-Rui,Liu, Yun-Rui,Fan, Dong-Qiong,et al. Deciphering Age Differences in Experience-Based Decision-Making: The Role of Sleep[J]. NATURE AND SCIENCE OF SLEEP,2020,12:679-691.
APA Peng, Xue-Rui,Liu, Yun-Rui,Fan, Dong-Qiong,Lei, Xu,Liu, Quan-Ying,&Yu, Jing.(2020).Deciphering Age Differences in Experience-Based Decision-Making: The Role of Sleep.NATURE AND SCIENCE OF SLEEP,12,679-691.
MLA Peng, Xue-Rui,et al."Deciphering Age Differences in Experience-Based Decision-Making: The Role of Sleep".NATURE AND SCIENCE OF SLEEP 12(2020):679-691.
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