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Prediction differs at sentence and discourse level: An event-related potential study
Chang, Ruohan1,2,3; Yang, Xiaohong2,3; Yang, Yufang2,3
Corresponding AuthorYang, Xiaohong(yangyf@psych.ac.cn) ; Yang, Yufang(yangxh@psych.ac.cn)
AbstractThis study used event-related potentials (ERPs) to investigate how predicting upcoming words differ when contextual information used to generate the prediction is from the immediately preceding sentence context versus an earlier discourse context. Four-sentence discourses were presented to participants, with the critical words in the last sentences, either predictable or unpredictable based on sentence- or discourse-level contextual information. At the sentence level, the crucial contextual information for prediction was provided by the last sentence, where the critical word was embedded (e.g., Xiaoyu came to the living room. She made a cup of lemon tea. Then she sat down in a chair. She opened a box/an album to look at the pictures.), and at the discourse level by the first sentence (e.g., Xiaoyu took out a box/an album. She made a cup of lemon tea. Then she sat down in a chair. She leisurely looked at the pictures.). Results showed reduced N400 for predictable words compared to unpredictable counterparts at sentence and discourse levels and also a post-N400 positivity effect of predictability at sentence level. This suggests that both sentence- and discourse-level semantic information help readers predict upcoming words, but supportive sentence context more than discourse context.
Keywordprediction N400 post-N400 positivity sentence discourse
2020-07-01
Language英语
DOI10.1017/S0142716420000235
Source PublicationAPPLIED PSYCHOLINGUISTICS
ISSN0142-7164
Volume41Issue:4Pages:797-815
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[61433018] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31871108] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, Beijing Sport University[2019QD017]
PublisherCAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
WOS KeywordLANGUAGE COMPREHENSION ; PROCESSING PREDICTION ; SEMANTIC INTEGRATION ; BRAIN POTENTIALS ; WORD ; ERP ; MEMORY ; INFORMATION ; P600 ; ANTICIPATION
WOS Research AreaLinguistics ; Psychology
WOS SubjectLinguistics ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000581732000004
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/33009
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorYang, Xiaohong; Yang, Yufang
Affiliation1.Beijing Sport Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chang, Ruohan,Yang, Xiaohong,Yang, Yufang. Prediction differs at sentence and discourse level: An event-related potential study[J]. APPLIED PSYCHOLINGUISTICS,2020,41(4):797-815.
APA Chang, Ruohan,Yang, Xiaohong,&Yang, Yufang.(2020).Prediction differs at sentence and discourse level: An event-related potential study.APPLIED PSYCHOLINGUISTICS,41(4),797-815.
MLA Chang, Ruohan,et al."Prediction differs at sentence and discourse level: An event-related potential study".APPLIED PSYCHOLINGUISTICS 41.4(2020):797-815.
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