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Applying network analysis to investigate the links between dimensional schizotypy and cognitive and affective empathy
Wang, Yi1,2; Shi, Hai-song3; Liu, Wen-hua4,5; Zheng, Hong1,2; Wong, Keri Ka-Yee6; Cheung, Eric F. C.7; Chan, Raymond C. K.1,2
First AuthorWang, Yi
Correspondent (r.c.k. chan)
Contribution Rank1

Background: Although impairment in empathy has been reported in schizophrenia spectrum disorders, little is known about the relationship between empathy and schizotypal traits. This study examines this relationship by applying network analysis to a large sample collected at 18-months follow-up in a longitudinal dataset. Methods: One thousand four hundred and eighty-six college students were recruited and completed a set of selfreported questionnaires on empathy, schizotypy, depression, anxiety and stress. Networks were constructed by taking the subscale scores of these measures as nodes and partial correlations between each pair of nodes as edges. Network Comparison Tests were performed to investigate the differences between individuals with high and low schizotypy. Results: Cognitive and affective empathy were strongly connected with negative schizotypy in the network. Physical and social anhedonia showed high centrality measured by strength, closeness and betweenness while anxiety and stress showed high expected influence. Predictability ranged from 22.4% (personal distress) to 79.9% (anxiety) with an average of 54.4%. Compared with the low schizotypy group, the high schizotypy group showed higher global strength (S = 0.813, p < 0.05) and significant differences in network structure (M = 0.531, p < 0.001) and strength of edges connecting empathy with schizotypy (adjusted ps < 0.05). Limitations: Only self-rating scales were used, and disorganized schizotypy was not included. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the cognitive and affective components of empathy and dimensions of schizotypy are closely related in the general population and their network interactions may play an important role in individuals with high schizotypy.

KeywordSchizotypy Empathy Anhedonia Network analysis Centrality Network comparison
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31400884] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[81571317] ; Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission[Z161100000216138] ; Beijing Training Project for the Leading Talents in Science and Technology[Z151100000315020] ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology ; China Scholarship Council
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Psychiatry
WOS SubjectClinical Neurology ; Psychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000578004300042
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Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorChan, Raymond C. K.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.North China Elect Power Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Guangzhou Med Univ, Dept Clin Psychol, Affiliated Brain Hosp, Guangzhou Huiai Hosp, Guangzhou, Peoples R China
5.Guangzhou Med Univ, Sch Hlth Management, Guangzhou, Peoples R China
6.UCL, Dept Psychol & Human Dev, London, England
7.Castle Peak Hosp, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Yi,Shi, Hai-song,Liu, Wen-hua,et al. Applying network analysis to investigate the links between dimensional schizotypy and cognitive and affective empathy[J]. JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS,2020,277:313-321.
APA Wang, Yi.,Shi, Hai-song.,Liu, Wen-hua.,Zheng, Hong.,Wong, Keri Ka-Yee.,...&Chan, Raymond C. K..(2020).Applying network analysis to investigate the links between dimensional schizotypy and cognitive and affective empathy.JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS,277,313-321.
MLA Wang, Yi,et al."Applying network analysis to investigate the links between dimensional schizotypy and cognitive and affective empathy".JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS 277(2020):313-321.
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