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面对新型冠状病毒肺炎风险信息的民众心理状态及情绪引导策略
Alternative TitlePeople's Psychological State and Emotional Guidance Strategies in the Face of the Risk Information of COVID-19
焦松明1,2,3; 时勘2,3; 周海明4; 郭慧丹5; 高文斌1,2
First Author焦松明
Correspondent Emailgaowb@ psych.ac.cn
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

目的:了解面对新冠肺炎病毒事件中人的特殊的心理行为问题,为疫情期间针对民众的心理疏导提供政策建议。方法:采用方便抽样调查方式,并辅以访谈方法,抽样调查了各省市被试2144人。结果:民众评估风险信息大小时,治愈信息和与自身相关信息排在前列,四种风险信息之间的差异不显著。与自身关系密切的负性信息直接通过风险认知影响自我保护行为,中间并不通过心理紧张度影响它;治愈信息等正性信息会通过风险认知、心理紧张度的链式中介影响自我保护的应对行为,同时,治愈信息也能分别通过风险认知、心理紧张度直接影响自我保护的应对行为。疫区民众中发现了"台风眼效应"的情况,需避免麻痹心理,防止疫情反弹。结论:风险信息和心理紧张度是影响民众应对方式的重要变量,也是情绪引导的依据。

Other Abstract

To understand the humans' special psychological and behavioral problems in the face of the COVID-19 incident,so as to provide policy recommendations for psychological counseling of the public during the epidemic. Methods: 2144 subjects from various provinces and cities were selected by convenience sampling method and interviewed. Results: When people assessed the risk information,the cure information and the self-related information were in the forefront,and the difference among the four kinds of risk information was not significant. Negative information closely related to self directly affects self-protection behavior through risk perception,but not through psychological tension. Positive information such as cure information can influence the coping behavior of self-protection through the chain mediation of risk perception and psychological tension,healing information could also directly influence self-protective coping behavior through risk perception and psychological tension ( emotion) ,respectively." Psychological Typhoon Eye" effect had been found among the people in the epidemic area. Paralysis should be avoided to prevent the outbreak from rebounding. Conclusion: Risk information and psychological stress are important variables that affect people's coping style,and also the basis of emotional guidance.

Keyword新型冠状病毒肺炎 风险认知 心理紧张度 台风眼效应 情绪引导策略
2020
Language中文
DOI10.13723 /j.yxysh.2020.05.021
Source Publication医学与社会
ISSN1006-5563
Volume33Issue:5Pages:98-104
Subtype实证研究
Indexed ByCSCD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/33318
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所
2.中国科学院大学
3.温州大学
4.山东科技大学
5.中国人民大学
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
焦松明,时勘,周海明,等. 面对新型冠状病毒肺炎风险信息的民众心理状态及情绪引导策略[J]. 医学与社会,2020,33(5):98-104.
APA 焦松明,时勘,周海明,郭慧丹,&高文斌.(2020).面对新型冠状病毒肺炎风险信息的民众心理状态及情绪引导策略.医学与社会,33(5),98-104.
MLA 焦松明,et al."面对新型冠状病毒肺炎风险信息的民众心理状态及情绪引导策略".医学与社会 33.5(2020):98-104.
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