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The effect of nationwide quarantine on anxiety levels during the COVID-19 outbreak in China
Zhu, Jing1,2; Su, Li3,4; Zhou, Yi5,6; Qiao, Juan1,2; Hu, Wei1,2
First AuthorZhu, Jing
Correspondent Emailhuwei625@gmail.com
Contribution Rank3
Abstract

Background In the recent outbreak of COVID-19, many countries have enacted various kinds of quarantine measures to slow down the explosive spread of COVID-19. Although these measures were proven to be successful in stopping the outbreak in China, the potential adverse effects of countrywide quarantine have not been thoroughly investigated. Methods In this study, we performed an online survey to evaluate the psychological effects of quarantine using the Zung Self-rating Anxiety Scale in February 2020 when the outbreak had nearly peaked in China. Along with the anxiety scores, limited personal information, such as age, gender, region, education, occupation, and specifically, the type and duration of quarantine, was collected for analysis. Results From a total of 992 valid questionnaires from 23 provinces in China, clinically significant anxiety symptoms were observed in 9.58% of respondents according to clinical diagnostic standards in China. The specific groups of people showing higher levels of anxiety were (a) adolescents (<18 years); (b) respondents with education lower than junior high school; (c) people with chronic diseases; and (d) frontline medical personnel. Other characteristics, such as gender, marital status, region, and acquaintance with suspected or confirmed cases of COVID-19, did not affect anxiety levels significantly. Respondents who experienced different forms of quarantine showed different anxiety levels. People undergoing centralized quarantine have higher levels of anxiety. Unexpectedly, longer durations of quarantine did not lead to a significant increase in anxiety level. Conclusions Our results suggest a rather mild psychological influence caused by the countrywide quarantine during the COVID-19 outbreak in China and provide a reference for other countries and regions battling COVID-19.

Keywordanxiety COVID‐ 19 quarantine quarantine duration survey
2020-11-11
Language英语
DOI10.1002/brb3.1938
Source PublicationBRAIN AND BEHAVIOR
ISSN2162-3279
Pages10
Subtype实证研究
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31771152] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31970932] ; Xuzhou Science and Technology Bureau of Jiangsu Province[KC18172]
PublisherWILEY
WOS KeywordPSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT ; MENTAL-HEALTH ; INITIAL-STAGE ; IMMEDIATE ; PREVALENCE
WOS Research AreaBehavioral Sciences ; Neurosciences & Neurology
WOS SubjectBehavioral Sciences ; Neurosciences
WOS IDWOS:000588044200001
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/33476
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorHu, Wei
Affiliation1.Xuzhou Med Univ, Affiliated Xuzhou Eastern Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
2.Xuzhou Med Univ, Dept Psychiat, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Army Med Univ, Dept Neurobiol, Chongqing, Peoples R China
6.Chongqing Key Lab Neurosci, Chongqing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhu, Jing,Su, Li,Zhou, Yi,et al. The effect of nationwide quarantine on anxiety levels during the COVID-19 outbreak in China[J]. BRAIN AND BEHAVIOR,2020:10.
APA Zhu, Jing,Su, Li,Zhou, Yi,Qiao, Juan,&Hu, Wei.(2020).The effect of nationwide quarantine on anxiety levels during the COVID-19 outbreak in China.BRAIN AND BEHAVIOR,10.
MLA Zhu, Jing,et al."The effect of nationwide quarantine on anxiety levels during the COVID-19 outbreak in China".BRAIN AND BEHAVIOR (2020):10.
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