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中文理解过程中形容词 -名词组合的认知加工机理
Alternative TitleCognitive Mechanisms of Adjective-noun Combinations in Chinese Comprehension




Other Abstract

Adjective-noun combinations are not rare in daily language. However, it is unclear whether such combinations are processed as the composition of constituents or as word-level units. Existing theories debate on the processing of combinations. Compositional theories assume that adjectives and nouns are processed separately, and a compositional process is needed to comprehend the combination. While wholistic theories insist that combinations are processed as individual units. Both types of theories are supported by some studies. The present thesis investigated the processing of adjective-noun combinations in Chinese comprehension using the eye-tracking technique, aiming to test which type of theories can explain the processing of adjective-noun combinations better.

Study 1 investigated the cognitive processing of adjective-noun combinations in reading of Chinese. Experiment 1 compared adjective-noun combinations with classifier +noun collocations and words, by recording eye movements in reading of sentences embedded by these targets. This experiment suggested that reading of adjective-noun combinations is significantly different from that of words, but similar with classifier-noun collocations. Experiment 2 compared the effects of parafoveal preview on adjective-noun combinations and words using boundary paradigm, aiming to test the influence of parafoveal preview on combinations and words. Eye-movement data suggested that words are influenced more than adjective-noun combinations. Experiment 3 compared adjective-noun combinations with another type of combination (i.e., classifier-noun combination) and found longer reading times on adjective-noun combinations, highlighting the uniqueness of adjective-noun combinations. Study 2 addressed the cognitive processing of adjective-noun combinations in speech comprehension with the visual-world paradigm. In Experiments 4 and 5, linguistic information and referential context were presented synchronously, participants were asked to click on the object which was referred by the adjective-noun combination they heard. Distributions of fixations suggested that listeners didn’t wait for the input of the whole combination. Instead, they started to interpret the adjective as soon as they heard it and shift their eyes on matching objects. After that, when the noun was heard, listeners determined the exact target based on the name. Thus, these findings implied that adjective-noun combinations are processed compositionally in speech comprehension as well.

The results of these studies suggest that Chinese adjective-noun combinations are processed compositionally, both in reading and speech comprehension. In summary, these studies support compositional theories rather than wholistic theories. The present thesis provides insight into the processing of complex expressions in Chinese, and helps us with the understanding of multiword sequence. What is more, this thesis provides implications about wordness in Chinese.

Keyword中文 理解 形容词一名词组合 认知加工
Degree Name理学博士
Degree Discipline基础心理学
Degree Grantor中国科学院心理研究所
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
许萍萍. 中文理解过程中形容词 -名词组合的认知加工机理[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院心理研究所,2020.
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