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面对新冠肺炎风险信息的民众心理状态及情绪引导策略
Alternative TitleExploring People’s Psychological State and Emotional Guidance Strategies to Face the Risk Information of COVID-19
焦松明1,2,3; 时勘2,3; 周海明4; 郭慧丹5; 高文斌1,2
First Author焦松明
Correspondent Emailgaowb@psych.ac.cn
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

目的:了解面对新冠肺炎病毒事件中人的特殊的心理行为问题,为疫情期间针对民众的心理疏导提供政策建议。方法:采用方便抽样调查方式,并辅以访谈方法,抽样调查了各省市被试2144人。结果:(1)民众评估风险信息大小时,治愈信息和与自身相关信息排在前列,四种风险信息之间的差异不显著。(2)与自身关系密切的负性信息直接通过风险认知影响自我保护行为,中间并不通过心理紧张度影响它;治愈等正性信息会通过风险认知、心理紧张度的链式中介影响自我保护的应对行为,同时,治愈信息也能分别通过风险认知、心理紧张度直接影响自我保护的应对行为。(3)疫区民众中发现了“台风眼效应”的情况,需避免麻痹心理,防止疫情反弹。结论:风险信息和心理紧张度是影响民众应对方式的重要变量,也是情绪引导的依据。

Other Abstract

Objective: To understand the humans’ special psychological and behavioral problems in the face of the COVID-19 incident, so as to provide policy recommendations for psychological counseling of the public during the epidemic. Methods: 2144 subjects from various provinces and cities were selected by convenience sampling and interviewed. Results: (1) When people assess the risk information, the cure information and the self-related information are in the forefront, and the difference among the four kinds of risk information is not significant;(2) Negative information closely related to self directly affects self-protection behavior through risk perception, but not through psychological tension. Positive information such as cure can influence the coping behavior of self-protection through the chain mediation of risk perception and psychological tension, healing information can also directly influence self-protective coping behavior through risk perception and psychological tension (emotion) , respectively. (3) "Psychological Typhoon Eye" effect has been found among the people in the epidemic area. Paralysis should be avoided to prevent the outbreak from rebounding. Conclusion: Risk information and psychological stress are important variables that affect people's coping style, and also the basis of emotional guidance.

Keyword新冠肺炎疫情 风险认知 心理紧张度 台风眼效应 情绪引导策略
2020
Language中文
Source Publication医学与社会
ISSN1006-5563
Pages10
Subtype实证研究
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/34084
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所
2.中国科学院大学
3.温州大学
4.山东科技大学泰安271019
5.中国人民大学
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
焦松明,时勘,周海明,等. 面对新冠肺炎风险信息的民众心理状态及情绪引导策略[J]. 医学与社会,2020:10.
APA 焦松明,时勘,周海明,郭慧丹,&高文斌.(2020).面对新冠肺炎风险信息的民众心理状态及情绪引导策略.医学与社会,10.
MLA 焦松明,et al."面对新冠肺炎风险信息的民众心理状态及情绪引导策略".医学与社会 (2020):10.
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