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疼痛发展认知神经科学:研究现状与未来趋势
Alternative TitleDevelopmental cognitive neuroscience of pain: present and future
张立波1,2; 吕雪靖1,2; 胡理1,2
First Author张立波
Correspondent Emailhuli@psych.ac.cn
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

疼痛认知神经科学在过去几十年间经历了高速发展,但多数研究的对象局限于中青年成人,对年龄差异的考虑不够充分.为加深对儿童和老年人疼痛加工机制的理解并开发有针对性的疼痛治疗方法,有必要弥补这一不足.从毕生发展的角度看,疼痛评估的准确性和治疗的有效性受特定年龄群体生理和心理特征的影响,因而儿童和老年人的疼痛评估和治疗需要采取有针对性的方法,不能简单推广基于中青年成人的研究成果.未来的研究将更加强调新兴技术在疼痛毕生发展领域的应用,采取多维度的整合性研究视角,着力研发针对不同年龄群体的非成瘾性镇痛方法,并大力推广开放的科学研究文化.考虑到我国的研究现状、现实需求和独特优势,建议我国未来在疼痛毕生发展领域致力于:(ⅰ)开发可靠的疼痛特异性客观指标;(ⅱ)建立大规模、多尺度的疼痛毕生发展数据库;(ⅲ)探明年龄及心理因素对慢性疼痛发生、发展和维持的影响;(ⅳ)开发针对不同年龄群体的高效非成瘾性疼痛治疗方法,推动基础研究成果的临床转化.

Other Abstract

Past several decades have witnessed a booming research field of cognitive neuroscience of pain, yet the majority of such studies include young adult participants only, largely ignoring the age differences. The field needs to fill the gap and provide more comprehensive understanding on how pain is processed in the brain of the young and the elderly, and how pain can be successfully managed for different age groups. Importantly, the developmental perspective gives the invaluable insight that psychological and physiological characteristics of different age groups influence the validity of pain assessment and the efficacy of pain treatment, thus necessitating different pain measures and treatments for children, adolescents, adults, and the elderly. Future studies will exploit emerging innovative and advanced technologies, fully appreciate the multidimensional nature of pain, develop age-specific nonaddictive pain treatment, and ensure transparency and openness in developmental pain research. Considering the current situation of the field in our country, we shall focus on four promising research projects in the future: (i) to develop reliable and valid objective pain measures; (ii) to establish a large-scale and comprehensive database on pain development; (iii) to untangle the role of age and psychological factors in the development and maintenance of chronic pain; (iv) to develop effective and safe pain management strategies for different age groups and promote clinical translation of basic research.

Keyword疼痛评估 疼痛治疗 毕生发展 未来趋势
2020
Language中文
DOI10.1360/SSV-2020-0247
Source Publication中国科学:生命科学
ISSN1674-7232
Pages13
Subtype实证研究
Indexed ByCSCD
Project Intro.

国家自然科学基金(批准号:31822025,31701000,31671141)资助

CSCD IDCSCD:CSCD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/34095
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理健康重点实验室(中国科学院心理研究所)
2.中国科学院大学心理学系
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张立波,吕雪靖,胡理. 疼痛发展认知神经科学:研究现状与未来趋势[J]. 中国科学:生命科学,2020:13.
APA 张立波,吕雪靖,&胡理.(2020).疼痛发展认知神经科学:研究现状与未来趋势.中国科学:生命科学,13.
MLA 张立波,et al."疼痛发展认知神经科学:研究现状与未来趋势".中国科学:生命科学 (2020):13.
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