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武汉市新冠肺炎疫情的客观危险与主观恐慌:全球范围内的“心理台风眼效应”
Alternative TitleObjective Danger and Subjective Panic in Wuhan COVID-19: An Extended Overseas“Psychological Typhoon Eye”Effect
杨舒雯1,2; 许明星1,3; 匡仪1,2; 丁阳1,2; 郑蕊1,2; 饶俪琳1,2; 李纾1,2
First Author杨舒雯
Correspondent Emaillishu@ psych.ac.cn
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

2008年"5·12"汶川地震期间,李纾及其团队发现并命名了有悖于直觉的"心理台风眼效应"。在2020年新冠肺炎疫情期间,研究者调查了身居国内外不同地区的人群对于武汉市疫情的安全担忧和风险知觉,结果表明:国门之外受测者比国门之内受测者对武汉市疫情表现出更多的担忧,即再次在重大灾情中发现了"心理台风眼效应"。基于心理台风眼效应的研究发现,我们从该效应的潜在机制及其影响作用入手,对研究发现的理论和实际意义进行了讨论。

Other Abstract

To determine if the worldwide fear engendered by COVID-19 is expressed in the same manner as the subjective fear induced by catastrophic earthquakes,we conducted a multinational survey to investigate participants’safety concerns and risk perception of the epidemic that occurred in Wuhan City and measured the spatial distance from their residences to Wuhan City. Concern or perception was measured by asking the participants to indicate their estimated number of social /family gatherings,hand shakings,body temperature measurements,and clothing changes needed for Wuhan residents during the Chinese Spring Festival. A total of 353 adults from 19 countries were surveyed via WeChat.We found that this effect was applicable to COVID-19. Participants staying abroad showed more safety concerns or fears regarding the epidemic in Wuhan compared with those staying in China. People at zero distance to Wuhan were at the center of the PTE,and their safety concerns and risk perception were the lowest. The theoretical and practical implications of the extended overseas PTE in response to COVID-19 aim to mitigate the impact of the PTE. The underlying mechanisms of the PTE were discussed as well.

Keyword新冠肺炎 心理台风眼效应 安全担忧 风险知觉
2020-12-15
Language中文
Source Publication应用心理学
ISSN1006-6020
Volume26Issue:04Pages:291-297
Subtype实证研究
Project Intro.

国家社会科学基金重大项目(19ZDA358);国家社会科学基金重点项目(16AZD058);国家自然科学基金(71771209);; 2020年中国科学院心理研究所科研项目(EOCX403008)

Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/34100
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所行为科学重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学心理学系
3.福建工程学院交通运输学院
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
杨舒雯,许明星,匡仪,等. 武汉市新冠肺炎疫情的客观危险与主观恐慌:全球范围内的“心理台风眼效应”[J]. 应用心理学,2020,26(04):291-297.
APA 杨舒雯.,许明星.,匡仪.,丁阳.,郑蕊.,...&李纾.(2020).武汉市新冠肺炎疫情的客观危险与主观恐慌:全球范围内的“心理台风眼效应”.应用心理学,26(04),291-297.
MLA 杨舒雯,et al."武汉市新冠肺炎疫情的客观危险与主观恐慌:全球范围内的“心理台风眼效应”".应用心理学 26.04(2020):291-297.
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