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Your Performance Is My Concern: A Perspective-Taking Competition Task Affects ERPs to Opponent’s Outcomes
Hao Yu1; Weizhi Nan2; Guochun Yang1,3; Qi Li1,3; Haiyan Wu1,3; Xun Liu1,3
First AuthorHao Yu
Correspondent Emailwuhy@psych.ac.cn (Haiyan Wu ) ; liux@psych.ac.cn (Xun Liu)
Abstract

Previous research has shown that people have more empathic responses to in-group members and more schadenfreude to out-group members. As a dimension of cognitive empathy, perspective-taking has been considered to be related to the enhancement of empathy. We tried to combine these effects through manipulation of a competitive task with opponents and an in-group partner and investigated the potential effect of in-group bias or the perspective-taking effect on outcome evaluation. We hypothesized that the neural activities would provide evidence of in-group bias. We tested it with a simple gambling observation task and recorded subjects’ electroencephalographic (EEG) signals. Our results showed that the opponent’s loss evoked larger feedback-related negativity (FRN) and smaller P300 activity than the partner’s loss condition, and there was a win vs. loss differential effect in P300 for the opponent only. The principal component analysis (PCA) replicated the loss vs. win P300 effect to opponent’s performance. Moreover, the correlation between the inclusion of the other in the self (IOS) scores and FRN suggests perspective-taking may induce greater monitoring to opponent’s performance, which increases the win vs. loss differentiation brain response to the out-group agent. Our results thus provide evidence for the enhanced attention toward out-group individuals after competition manipulation, as well as the motivation significance account of FRN.

Keywordin-group bias gambling task feedback related negativity P300 EEG
2019
Language英语
DOI10.3389/fnins.2019.01162
Source PublicationFrontiers in Neuroscience
Pages12
Subtype实证研究
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
QuartileQ2
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/34160
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
2.Department of Psychology, Center for Brain and Cognitive Sciences, School of Education, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, China
3.Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hao Yu,Weizhi Nan,Guochun Yang,等. Your Performance Is My Concern: A Perspective-Taking Competition Task Affects ERPs to Opponent’s Outcomes[J]. Frontiers in Neuroscience,2019:12.
APA Hao Yu,Weizhi Nan,Guochun Yang,Qi Li,Haiyan Wu,&Xun Liu.(2019).Your Performance Is My Concern: A Perspective-Taking Competition Task Affects ERPs to Opponent’s Outcomes.Frontiers in Neuroscience,12.
MLA Hao Yu,et al."Your Performance Is My Concern: A Perspective-Taking Competition Task Affects ERPs to Opponent’s Outcomes".Frontiers in Neuroscience (2019):12.
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