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决策与推理的双系统——启发式系统和分析系统
Alternative TitleTwo Systems in Decision-making and Reasoning: Heuristic System and Analytic System
孙彦; 李纾; 殷晓莉
2007
Source Publication心理科学进展
ISSN1671-3710
Volume15Issue:5Pages:721-845
Abstract近来,在决策与推理的研究中,研究者提出了双系统作用模型:基于直觉的启发式系统和基于理性的分析系统。启发式系统加工速度较快,不占用或占用很少的心理资源,容易受背景相似性、刻板印象的影响; 分析系统加工速度慢,占用较多的心理资源,遵从逻辑和规则,而且两个系统有不同进化历史和神经基础。该文根据已有的相关研究,综述了双系统在决策与推理中可能的作用机制、相互关系、个体差异,同时指出了目前研究存在的不足。
Keyword启发式系统 分析系统 决策 推理
Subject Area工业与组织心理学
Indexed By中文核心期刊要目总览 ASPT来源刊 CJFD收录刊
Language中文
Funding Project中国科学院“百人计划”;; 国家自然科学基金(70671099)项目资助。
NoteResearchers in decision-making and reasoning have recently proposed that there are two distinct cognitive systems: heuristic system and controlled analytic system. The former is a relatively effortless system that relies on prior knowledge, judgmental heuristics, and immediate experience; the latter is a slower, effortful, resource-dependent, rule-based one. The two systems have sharply differing evolutionary histories and neuro-logical substrates. The mechanism of the two systems in decision-making and rea...
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/3496
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding Author李纾
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
孙彦,李纾,殷晓莉. 决策与推理的双系统——启发式系统和分析系统[J]. 心理科学进展,2007,15(5):721-845.
APA 孙彦,李纾,&殷晓莉.(2007).决策与推理的双系统——启发式系统和分析系统.心理科学进展,15(5),721-845.
MLA 孙彦,et al."决策与推理的双系统——启发式系统和分析系统".心理科学进展 15.5(2007):721-845.
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