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Alternative TitleTwo Systems in Decision-making and Reasoning: Heuristic System and Analytic System
孙彦; 李纾; 殷晓莉
First Author孙彦
Source Publication心理科学进展
Contribution Rank1

近来,在决策与推理的研究中,研究者提出了双系统作用模型:基于直觉的启发式系统和基于理性的分析系统。启发式系统加工速度较快,不占用或占用很少的心理资源,容易受背景相似性、刻板印象的影响; 分析系统加工速度慢,占用较多的心理资源,遵从逻辑和规则,而且两个系统有不同进化历史和神经基础。该文根据已有的相关研究,综述了双系统在决策与推理中可能的作用机制、相互关系、个体差异,同时指出了目前研究存在的不足。

Other Abstract

Researchers in decision-making and reasoning have recently proposed that there are two distinct cognitive systems: heuristic system and controlled analytic system. The former is a relatively effortless system that relies on prior knowledge, judgmental heuristics, and immediate experience; the latter is a slower, effortful, resource-dependent, rule-based one. The two systems have sharply differing evolutionary histories and neuro-logical substrates. The mechanism of the two systems in decision-making and reasoning process, the relationship of them, the individual difference variables and some limitations were also discussed in this article

Keyword启发式系统 分析系统 决策 推理
Subject Area工业与组织心理学
Indexed ByCSCD
Funding Project国家自然科学基金(70671099)项目资助。
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author李纾
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
孙彦,李纾,殷晓莉. 决策与推理的双系统——启发式系统和分析系统[J]. 心理科学进展,2007,15(5):721-845.
APA 孙彦,李纾,&殷晓莉.(2007).决策与推理的双系统——启发式系统和分析系统.心理科学进展,15(5),721-845.
MLA 孙彦,et al."决策与推理的双系统——启发式系统和分析系统".心理科学进展 15.5(2007):721-845.
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