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The factor structure of major depressive symptoms in a sample of Chinese earthquake survivors
Bi,Yajie1,2; Wang,Li1,2; Cao,Chengqi1,3; Fang,Ruojiao1,2; Li,Gen1,2; Liu,Ping4; Luo,Shu4; Yang,Haibo5; Hall,Brian J.6
First AuthorBi,Yajie
Corresponding AuthorWang, Li(

AbstractBackgroundExperiencing natural disasters is associated with common mental disorders including major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the latent structure of MDD is widely debated, and few studies tested the MDD factor structure in Chinese natural disaster survivors. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to evaluate the factorial validity of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for DSM-5 major depressive disorder (MDD) symptoms in Chinese earthquake survivors.MethodParticipants were 1058 Chinese earthquake survivors. Self-reported measures included the PHQ-9 and the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to examine the latent structure of MDD and the associations between latent factors of MDD and different domains of health-related quality of life (HRQoL), respectively.ResultsIn the current sample, the model consisted of somatic and cognitive/affective (non-somatic) factors demonstrated significantly better fit than the other competing MDD models (χ2?=?173.89, df?=?26, CFI?=?0.986, TLI?=?0.981, RMSEA?=?0.073, BIC?=?18,091.13). Further SEM analyses indicated that the non-somatic factor was significantly related to both physical (β?=???0.362, p?

KeywordMajor depressive disorders Confirmatory factor analysis Health-related quality of life Chinese Disaster
Source PublicationBMC Psychiatry
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Funding ProjectExternal Cooperation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences[153111KYSB20160036] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31471004] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31971020] ; Key Project of the National Social Science Foundation of China[20ZDA079] ; Key Project of Research Base of Humanities and Social Sciences of Ministry of Education[16JJD190006] ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[ZDRW-XH-2019-4]
PublisherBioMed Central
WOS Research AreaPsychiatry
WOS SubjectPsychiatry
WOS IDBMC:10.1186/s12888-020-02993-3
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorWang,Li
Affiliation1.Chinese Academy of Sciences; Laboratory for Traumatic Stress Studies, CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences; Department of Psychology
3.Shenzhen University; Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Affective and Social Cognitive Science
4.People’s Hospital of Deyang City
5.Tianjin Normal University; Academy of Psychology and Behavior
6.New York University (Shanghai); Global and Community Mental Health Research Group
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Bi,Yajie,Wang,Li,Cao,Chengqi,et al. The factor structure of major depressive symptoms in a sample of Chinese earthquake survivors[J]. BMC Psychiatry,2021,21(1):59.
APA Bi,Yajie.,Wang,Li.,Cao,Chengqi.,Fang,Ruojiao.,Li,Gen.,...&Hall,Brian J..(2021).The factor structure of major depressive symptoms in a sample of Chinese earthquake survivors.BMC Psychiatry,21(1),59.
MLA Bi,Yajie,et al."The factor structure of major depressive symptoms in a sample of Chinese earthquake survivors".BMC Psychiatry 21.1(2021):59.
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