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Deficits in maintenance and interference control of working memory in major depression: evidence from the visuospatial change detection task
Li, Xu1,2; Chen, Xue-lei1,2; Zhang, Yu-ting1,2; Li, Rui-ting3; Bai, Han-ping3; Lui, Simon S. Y.4,7; Chan, Raymond C. K.5,6
First AuthorLi, Xu
Correspondent Emailxuli@ccnu.edu.cn (xu li )
Contribution Rank5
Abstract

Introduction: Recent theories in cognitive psychology suggest that working memory (WM) processing involves a set of specific functions, in particular the WM functions of maintenance and interference control. Previous findings on WM impairments in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) had been inconsistent, partly because earlier studies did not take into account these two different functions of WM. Method: Forty-two participants with MDD and 39 controls completed the visuospatial change detection task. We estimated the WM function of maintenance, based on performance in trials using the targets only, and the WM function of interference control, based on performance in trials with distractor rectangles. Results: Our results showed that participants with MDD had poorer WM function of maintenance and interference control than controls. However, the results of filtering efficiency did not show significant group difference, thus patients with MDD showed comparable impairments in WM function of maintanance as well as in WM function of interference control. Conclusion: Our findings suggested that patients with MDD appear to show generalised impairments on visuospatial WM function of maintenance and interference control. Future studies should use refined paradigms to assess the different functions of WM and their distinctive contributions to symptomatology of depression.

KeywordDepression working memory maintenance interference control change detection
2021-01-08
Language英语
DOI10.1080/13546805.2021.1871890
Source PublicationCOGNITIVE NEUROPSYCHIATRY
ISSN1354-6805
Pages14
Subtype实证研究
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31700957] ; self-determined research funds of CCNU from the colleges basic research and operation of MOE[CCNU19TD018] ; self-determined research funds of CCNU from the colleges basic research and operation of MOE[CCNU16A05052] ; MOE (Ministry of Education in China) Project of Humanities and Social Sciences[17YJC190014]
PublisherROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
WOS Research AreaPsychiatry
WOS SubjectPsychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000605690400001
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/38137
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLi, Xu
Affiliation1.Cent China Normal Univ, Key Lab Adolescent Cyberpsychol & Behav, Minist Educ, Wuhan, Peoples R China
2.Cent China Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, Key Lab Human Dev & Mental Hlth Hubei Prov, Wuhan, Peoples R China
3.Wuhan Univ, Dept Psychiat, Renmin Hosp, Wuhan, Peoples R China
4.Castle Peak Hosp, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
7.Univ Hong Kong, Dept Psychiat, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Xu,Chen, Xue-lei,Zhang, Yu-ting,et al. Deficits in maintenance and interference control of working memory in major depression: evidence from the visuospatial change detection task[J]. COGNITIVE NEUROPSYCHIATRY,2021:14.
APA Li, Xu.,Chen, Xue-lei.,Zhang, Yu-ting.,Li, Rui-ting.,Bai, Han-ping.,...&Chan, Raymond C. K..(2021).Deficits in maintenance and interference control of working memory in major depression: evidence from the visuospatial change detection task.COGNITIVE NEUROPSYCHIATRY,14.
MLA Li, Xu,et al."Deficits in maintenance and interference control of working memory in major depression: evidence from the visuospatial change detection task".COGNITIVE NEUROPSYCHIATRY (2021):14.
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