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Visual Short-Term Memory and Attention: An Investigation of Familiarity and Stroke Count in Chinese Characters
Dall, Jonas Olsen1,2; Wang, Yong-ming3,4; Cai, Xin-lu5,6; Chan, Raymond C. K.5,6,7; Sorensen, Thomas Alrik1,2
First AuthorDall, Jonas Olsen
Correspondent Emailthomasalrik@gmail.com (sorensen, thomas alrik)
Contribution Rank5
Abstract

Using Chinese characters, we investigated how stroke count and frequency of use influence attention and short-term memory (STM) encoding in Mainland Chinese speakers. To isolate specific components of attention we employed the Theory of Visual Attention (TVA), which allowed estimates of STM capacity, processing speed, and the threshold of visual perception. An analysis of TVA parameters revealed that familiarity affects both the memory capacity and processing speed of objects, whereas the threshold for visual perception remained unaffected. Interestingly. our results also indicate that modulation of attention is driven solely by familiarity with the characters, independent of the actual physical aspect of Chinese characters. We propose that mental categories and prior knowledge play a vital role in the processing of information in attention, as well as in how this information is stored and represented in visual STM.

Keywordattention capacity expertise short-term memory working memory
2021-02-01
Language英语
DOI10.1037/xlm0000950
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION
ISSN0278-7393
Volume47Issue:2Pages:282-294
Subtype综述
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectS. C. Van foundation
PublisherAMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC
WOS KeywordWORKING-MEMORY ; INFORMATION LOAD ; CHANGE BLINDNESS ; CAPACITY ; EXPERTISE ; OBJECTS ; NUMBER ; FEATURES ; STORAGE ; LIMITS
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000618091300007
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/38633
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorSorensen, Thomas Alrik
Affiliation1.Aalborg Univ, Dept Commun & Psychol, Ctr Cognit Neurosci, Teglgards Plads 1,12-05b, DK-9000 Aarhus, Denmark
2.Sino Danish Ctr Educ & Res, Aarhus, Denmark
3.Sino Danish Ctr Educ & Res, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Kings Coll London, Dept Psychosis Studies, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Netuosci, London, England
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sino Danish Coll, Beijing, Peoples R China
7.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Dall, Jonas Olsen,Wang, Yong-ming,Cai, Xin-lu,et al. Visual Short-Term Memory and Attention: An Investigation of Familiarity and Stroke Count in Chinese Characters[J]. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION,2021,47(2):282-294.
APA Dall, Jonas Olsen,Wang, Yong-ming,Cai, Xin-lu,Chan, Raymond C. K.,&Sorensen, Thomas Alrik.(2021).Visual Short-Term Memory and Attention: An Investigation of Familiarity and Stroke Count in Chinese Characters.JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION,47(2),282-294.
MLA Dall, Jonas Olsen,et al."Visual Short-Term Memory and Attention: An Investigation of Familiarity and Stroke Count in Chinese Characters".JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION 47.2(2021):282-294.
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