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How Can People Express Their Trait Self-Esteem Through Their Faces in 3D Space?
Wang, Xiaoyang1,2; Liu, Xiaoqian1,2; Wang, Yuqian1; Zhu, Tingshao1,2
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Xiaoqian(liuxiaoqian@psych.ac.cn)
AbstractBackground Trait self-esteem reflects stable self-evaluation, and it affects social interaction patterns. However, whether and how trait self-esteem can be expressed through behaviors are controversial. Considering that facial expressions can effectively convey information related to personal traits, the present study investigated the three-dimensional (3D) facial movements related to self-esteem level and the sex differences therein. Methods The sample comprised 238 participants (46.2% males, 53.8% females). Their levels of trait self-esteem were evaluated by employing the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES) (47.9% low self-esteem, 52.1% high self-esteem). During self-introductions, their facial movements in 3D space were recorded by Microsoft Kinect. Two-way ANOVA was performed to analyze the effect of self-esteem and gender on 3D facial movements. Additionally, Logistic regression models were established to describe the relationship between 3D facial movements and self-esteem levels in both genders. Results The results of two-way ANOVA revealed a main effect of trait self-esteem level for cheeks and lips' movements. Meanwhile, there was a significant interaction between trait self-esteem and gender on the variability of lips' movements. In addition, the combination of facial movements can effectively identify trait self-esteem in men and women, with 75.5 and 68% accuracy, respectively. Conclusion The present results suggest that the 3D facial expressions of individuals with different trait self-esteem levels were different, and such difference is affected by gender. Our study explores a possible way in which trait self-esteem plays a role in social interaction and also provides the basis for automatic self-esteem recognition.
Keywordfacial expressions three-dimensional data gender logistic regression trait self-esteem two-way ANOVA
2021-02-04
Language英语
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2021.591682
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN1664-1078
Volume12Pages:9
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectKey Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[ZDRW-XH-2019-4]
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
WOS KeywordPOWER ANALYSIS ; PERSONALITY ; GENDER ; ACCURACY ; IMPLICIT ; CHEEK ; SATISFACTION ; ADOLESCENTS ; PERCEPTIONS ; CHILDREN
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000619004100001
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/38639
Collection社会与工程心理学研究室
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Xiaoqian
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Xiaoyang,Liu, Xiaoqian,Wang, Yuqian,et al. How Can People Express Their Trait Self-Esteem Through Their Faces in 3D Space?[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2021,12:9.
APA Wang, Xiaoyang,Liu, Xiaoqian,Wang, Yuqian,&Zhu, Tingshao.(2021).How Can People Express Their Trait Self-Esteem Through Their Faces in 3D Space?.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,12,9.
MLA Wang, Xiaoyang,et al."How Can People Express Their Trait Self-Esteem Through Their Faces in 3D Space?".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 12(2021):9.
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