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Effects of 8-Week Tai Chi Chuan Practice on Mindfulness Level
Chen, Li-Zhen1,2; Dai, An-Yin3; Yao, Ying1,2; Si, Ruoguang4; Hu, Zhuoer5,6; Ge, Likun1,2; Du, Xiaohong7; Li, Aihua7; Wei, Gao-Xia1,2
First AuthorChen, Li-Zhen
Correspondent (gao-xia wei)
Contribution Rank1

Objectives Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) is a common mindfulness-based aerobic exercise. However, the evidence on the effects of TCC practice on mindfulness has been controversial. The aim of this study was to explore whether TCC practice with an emphasis on interoceptive awareness could improve mindfulness levels in a healthy adult population. Methods Sixty-one healthy adults without mind-body practice experience were divided into the TCC and control groups. Participants in the TCC group received classic Yang-style supervised TCC practice for 8 weeks, whereas those in the control group did not receive any intervention. The Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire and Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness were administrated at baseline, the end of week 8, and the end of week 24. Results In terms of mindfulness, significant interaction between group and time was found in describing, acting with awareness, nonjudging, and nonreactivity. For interoceptive awareness, there were marginally significant interaction effects of time and group in attention regulation, self-regulation, and trust. TCC practice significantly improved the above-mentioned dimensions of mindfulness and interoceptive awareness. Moreover, we still observed increased describing, acting with awareness, and nonjudging in mindfulness, and trusting in interoceptive awareness for the TCC group at the end of week 24. Conclusions This study indicated that 8-week TCC practice with a component of interoceptive awareness could increase mindfulness levels, which could still be observed in the 24th week. These findings are of great significance for health practice and treating emotional disorders utilizing mind-body practice as an alternative and complementary medicine.

KeywordMind-body practice Mindfulness Interoceptive awareness Insula Exercise
Source PublicationMINDFULNESS
Indexed BySSCI
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31671163] ; Scientific Foundation of Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences[Y9CX402008] ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology[KLMH2011ZK07] ; CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology
WOS Research AreaPsychology ; Psychiatry
WOS SubjectPsychology, Clinical ; Psychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000630700100002
WoS QuartileQ1
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorWei, Gao-Xia
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Sport Univ, Wushu Sch, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Cardiff Univ, Sch Psychol, CUBRIC, Cardiff, Wales
5.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sino Danish Coll, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Sino Danish Ctr Educ & Res, Beijing, Peoples R China
7.Beijing Normal Univ, Coll PE & Sports, Beijing, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, Li-Zhen,Dai, An-Yin,Yao, Ying,et al. Effects of 8-Week Tai Chi Chuan Practice on Mindfulness Level[J]. MINDFULNESS,2021,12(6):1534-1541.
APA Chen, Li-Zhen.,Dai, An-Yin.,Yao, Ying.,Si, Ruoguang.,Hu, Zhuoer.,...&Wei, Gao-Xia.(2021).Effects of 8-Week Tai Chi Chuan Practice on Mindfulness Level.MINDFULNESS,12(6),1534-1541.
MLA Chen, Li-Zhen,et al."Effects of 8-Week Tai Chi Chuan Practice on Mindfulness Level".MINDFULNESS 12.6(2021):1534-1541.
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