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Effectiveness of successful intelligence training program: A meta-analysis
Saw, Khin Nyunt Nyunt1,2; Han, Buxin1,2
First AuthorSaw, Khin Nyunt Nyunt
Correspondent Emailwangjs@psych.ac.cn (jiesi wang )
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

This study assessed Robert Sternberg's theory of successful intelligence (TSI) training in teaching and learning situations to improve academic achievement, triarchic (analytical, creative, practical) thinking, and socioemotional outcomes. The analyses included all references from several databases (Web of Science, ProQuest, Elsevier, Google Scholar, and bibliographies of related articles) from 1998 to 2019 that implemented the successful intelligence training program in a variety of ways. Possible moderators, selection criteria, subject areas, and grade levels were investigated. A total of 24 studies (19 articles) were included in the meta-analysis. The results revealed that successful intelligence training has a positive effect on students' overall achievement, g = 0.63, SE = 0.11, 95% confidence interval (CI) [0.41, 0.85], k = 24, z = 5.98, p < .001, under a random-effect model. After adjusting for publication bias, the effect size (ES) g was 0.35, SE = 0.12, 95% CI [0.10, 0.60]. The ES was the largest for socioemotional outcomes, followed by triarchic outcomes and then achievement outcomes. High-IQ-based selected participants received higher ES than teacher-selected participants. Regarding subject areas, science and general triarchic training differed significantly. Among the grade levels, high-school level and primary level differed significantly. Moreover, intervention duration negatively moderated the ES significantly. Gender did not moderate the ES. All student participants benefited from the successful intelligence training program, and this benefit was greater for gifted and older students. This finding suggests that TSI training educators provide a more detailed, structured, and authentic problem situation to be more effective instead of academic problems.

Keywordanalytical thinking creative thinking practical thinking socioemotional outcomes successful intelligence theory
2021-04-18
Language英语
DOI10.1002/pchj.443
Source PublicationPSYCH JOURNAL
ISSN2046-0252
Pages17
Subtype实证研究
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Social Science Fund[17ZDA331]
PublisherWILEY
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000640922800001
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/38865
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorHan, Buxin
Affiliation1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci CAS, Dept Psychol, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Saw, Khin Nyunt Nyunt,Han, Buxin. Effectiveness of successful intelligence training program: A meta-analysis[J]. PSYCH JOURNAL,2021:17.
APA Saw, Khin Nyunt Nyunt,&Han, Buxin.(2021).Effectiveness of successful intelligence training program: A meta-analysis.PSYCH JOURNAL,17.
MLA Saw, Khin Nyunt Nyunt,et al."Effectiveness of successful intelligence training program: A meta-analysis".PSYCH JOURNAL (2021):17.
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