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The different roles of sleep on false memory formation between young and older adults
Huan, Sheng-Yin1; Xu, Hong-Zhou1; Wang, Rui1; Yu, Jing1,2
First AuthorHuan, Sheng-Yin
Correspondent Emailhelen12@swu.edu.cn (j. yu)
Contribution Rank2
Abstract

Aging is accompanied by an increase in the probability of false memory. However, what role sleep plays in the age effect in false memory is less understood. Our study utilized a simplified conjoint recognition (SCR)-based Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm to investigate the role of sleep on false memory in young and older adults. The results showed that sleep effect in false memory was modulated by age, manifested as sleep increased young adults' falsely recognized critical lures, while it reduced older adults'. In addition, in a more fine-grained analysis, the results of multinomial processing tree (MPT) modeling further revealed that young adults were more likely to retrieve memory based on gist traces than older adults, and young adults were more susceptible to guess a probe as "old" than older adults in the sleep condition. Combined findings from the number and ratio of falsely recognized critical lures and the MPT modeling, the current study suggested that sleep might increase young adults' false memory via gist extraction, while it decreased older adults' false memory via verbatim trace consolidation. The study contributes to a comprehensive view on the age-by-sleep effect on false recognition, with the segregation of cognitive components of verbatim memory, gist memory, and response bias.

2021-04-10
Language英语
DOI10.1007/s00426-021-01516-3
Source PublicationPSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG
ISSN0340-0727
Pages9
Subtype实证研究
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31971007] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31971028] ; Ministry of Education of Humanities and Social Science project[17YJA190015] ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology[KLMH2019K02]
PublisherSPRINGER HEIDELBERG
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000638821100001
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/38904
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorYu, Jing
Affiliation1.Southwest Univ, Fac Psychol, Tiansheng Rd, Chongqing 400715, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Huan, Sheng-Yin,Xu, Hong-Zhou,Wang, Rui,et al. The different roles of sleep on false memory formation between young and older adults[J]. PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG,2021:9.
APA Huan, Sheng-Yin,Xu, Hong-Zhou,Wang, Rui,&Yu, Jing.(2021).The different roles of sleep on false memory formation between young and older adults.PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG,9.
MLA Huan, Sheng-Yin,et al."The different roles of sleep on false memory formation between young and older adults".PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG (2021):9.
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