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The development and validation of the perceived safety of intelligent connected vehicles scale
Cao, Jianqin1,2; Lin, Li1,2; Zhang, Jingyu1,2; Zhang, Liang1,2; Wang, Ya3; Wang, Jifang3
First AuthorCao, Jianqin
Correspondent Emailzhangjingyu@psych.ac.cn (j. zhang) ; zhangl@psych.ac.cn (l. zhang)
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Whether the public feels psychologically safe about intelligent connected vehicles (ICVs) is crucial for this new technology to prevail. While researchers have realized the importance of perceived safety, a direct and psychometrically sound measure is still needed. This paper aimed to develop and validate a scale to measure the perceived safety of ICVs. In Study 1, an 8-item scale of the perceived safety was developed based on a literature review and used with a sample from Beijing (n = 373), among the people who are very likely to be the first wave of users. Exploratory factor analysis retained six items and found that a two-dimensional model (three items for cognitive safety and three items for emotional safety) best suited the data. Correlational analyses suggested that the two components may have unique causes and consequences. In Study 2, using a different sample from Shenzhen (n = 352), confirmatory factor analysis consolidated the two-factor model. Further correlational analyses showed that the scale had good criterion-related validity. Across two studies, cognitive safety was related to perceived controllability, the tendency to seek new technologies, ICV driving experience, perceived government support, drive intention and intention to be other road users. Emotional safety was correlated with social support, familiarity, benefit perception, purchase and recommend intention. These results suggest that the scale developed in this study is a useful and reliable tool to measure perceived safety. Implications for future studies and relevant policies are discussed.

KeywordPerceived safety Intelligent connected vehicles Scale development
2021-05-01
Language英语
DOI10.1016/j.aap.2021.106092
Source PublicationACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION
ISSN0001-4575
Volume154Pages:10
Subtype实证研究
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Plan[2016YFB1001203] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31671148]
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
WOS Research AreaEngineering ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health ; Social Sciences - Other Topics ; Transportation
WOS SubjectErgonomics ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health ; Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary ; Transportation
WOS IDWOS:000636761700007
WoS QuartileQ1
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/38922
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Jingyu; Zhang, Liang
Affiliation1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Baidu Intelligent Driving Experience Design Ctr, Beijing, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cao, Jianqin,Lin, Li,Zhang, Jingyu,et al. The development and validation of the perceived safety of intelligent connected vehicles scale[J]. ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION,2021,154:10.
APA Cao, Jianqin,Lin, Li,Zhang, Jingyu,Zhang, Liang,Wang, Ya,&Wang, Jifang.(2021).The development and validation of the perceived safety of intelligent connected vehicles scale.ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION,154,10.
MLA Cao, Jianqin,et al."The development and validation of the perceived safety of intelligent connected vehicles scale".ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION 154(2021):10.
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