PSYCH OpenIR  > 中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Alternative TitleDetection of cognitive deficits in senior two students with depression
王芳1,2; 刘瑞璇1,2; 余飞3; 张文彩1,2
First Author王芳
Correspondent (张文彩)
Contribution Rank1

目的 采用认知情绪调节问卷(CERQ)和微咨询对话任务来观察抑郁高中生是否存在认知重构缺陷.方法 2019年6月随机抽取河南省某重点高中和普通高中360名高二学生作为研究对象,使用患者/健康(抑郁)问卷(PHQ-9)选出抑郁组52人和正常组55人来完成微咨询对话任务,即阅读真问题-隐喻解答、真问题-非隐喻解答和假问题-隐喻解答.结果 发现抑郁组在CERQ的积极重评、计划维度上得分显著低于正常组(t=2.47、3.43,均P<0.05),在3类任务上的情绪积极性、新颖性和有用性评分显著低于正常组(F=10.274、3.975、6.810,均P<0.05).结论 抑郁个体的认知重构缺陷既表现在认知重构特征上,也表现在认知重构任务上.

Other Abstract

Objective To observe whether senior high school students with depression have deficits of cognitive restructuring by using Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire(CERQ)and micro-counseling dialogues task.Methods In June 2019,360 senior two students from a key high school and an ordinary high school in Henan Province were randomly sampled as the research  objects. Patient/Health(depression)questionnaire(PHQ-9)was used to screened out the depressed group(52 students)and the normal group(55 students)to complete the micro-counseling dialogues task,namely true question with metaphor solution,true question with non-metaphor solution and pseudo question with metaphor solution.Results The scores of positive reappraisal and planning of CERQ in the depressed group were significantly lower than those in the normal group(t=2.47,3.43,both P<0.05),and the scores of emotional positivity,novelty and usefulness were significantly lower than those in the normal group(F=10.274,3.975,6.810,all P<0.05).Conclusion These evidences revealed the cognitive restructuring deficits of depressive individuals not only reflected in characteristics of cognitive reconstruction,but also in cognitive reconstruction tasks.

Keyword抑郁 认知重构 微咨询对话 顿悟性 积极情绪性
Source Publication职业与健康
Project Intro.

国家自然科学基金面上项目(31371131);北京科技计 划项 0(D151100002315003)

Document Type期刊论文
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王芳,刘瑞璇,余飞,等. 抑郁高二学生的认知缺陷探测[J]. 职业与健康,2020,36(23):3265-3269,3274.
APA 王芳,刘瑞璇,余飞,&张文彩.(2020).抑郁高二学生的认知缺陷探测.职业与健康,36(23),3265-3269,3274.
MLA 王芳,et al."抑郁高二学生的认知缺陷探测".职业与健康 36.23(2020):3265-3269,3274.
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