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Effect of Cognitive Control on Attentional Processing of Emotional Information Among Older Adults: Evidence From an Eye-Tracking Study
Liu, Haining1,2; Liu, Haihong1,3; Li, Feng4,5; Han, Buxin6,7; Wang, Cuili8
First AuthorLiu, Haining
Correspondent Emailhanbx@psych.ac.cn (buxin han ) ; cwangpk@163.com (cuili wang )
Contribution Rank6
Abstract

Background: Although numerous studies have suggested that the gradually increasing selective preference for positive information over negative information in older adults depends on cognitive control processes, few have reported the characteristics of different attention stages in the emotional processing of older individuals. The present study used a real-time eye-tracking technique to disentangle the attentional engagement and disengagement processes involved in age-related positivity effect (PE). Methods: Eye movement data from a spatial-cueing task were obtained for 32 older and 32 younger healthy participants. The spatial-cueing task with varied cognitive loads appeared to be an effective way to explore the role of cognitive control during the attention engagement and disengagement stages of emotion processing. Results: Compared with younger adults, older participants showed more positive gaze preferences when cognitive resources were sufficient for face processing at the attention engagement stage. However, the age-related PE was not observed at the attention disengagement stage because older adults had more difficulty disengaging from fearful faces than did the younger adults due to the consumption of attention by the explicit target judgment. Conclusion: The present study highlights how cognitive control moderates positive gaze preferences at different attention processing stages. These findings may have far-reaching implications for understanding, preventing, and intervening in unsuccessful aging and, thus, in promoting active and healthy aging.

Keywordcognitive control attention emotion positivity effect eye-tracking
2021-04-29
Language英语
DOI10.3389/fnagi.2021.644379
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN AGING NEUROSCIENCE
ISSN1663-4365
Volume13Pages:14
Subtype实证研究
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectChina Social Science Foundation[20VYJ041] ; Technology Innovation Guidance Project-Science and Technology Work Conference of Hebei Provincial Department of Science and Technology
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
WOS KeywordSPATIAL ATTENTION ; SELECTIVE ATTENTION ; AGE-DIFFERENCES ; GAZE PATTERNS ; TIME-COURSE ; FACES ; PREFERENCES ; CAPTURE ; DISENGAGEMENT ; FIXATION
WOS Research AreaGeriatrics & Gerontology ; Neurosciences & Neurology
WOS SubjectGeriatrics & Gerontology ; Neurosciences
WOS IDWOS:000649782600001
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/39271
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorHan, Buxin; Wang, Cuili
Affiliation1.Chengde Med Univ, Psychol Dept, Chengde, Peoples R China
2.Chengde Med Univ, Hebei Key Lab Nerve Injury & Repair, Chengde, Peoples R China
3.Natl Univ Malaysia, Ctr Res Psychol & Human Well Being, Fac Social Sci & Humanities, Bangi, Malaysia
4.Jiangxi Univ Finance & Econ, Sch Stat, Nanchang, Jiangxi, Peoples R China
5.Jiangxi Univ Finance & Econ, Res Ctr Appl Stat, Nanchang, Jiangxi, Peoples R China
6.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
7.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
8.Peking Univ, Sch Nursing, Beijing, Peoples R China
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Haining,Liu, Haihong,Li, Feng,et al. Effect of Cognitive Control on Attentional Processing of Emotional Information Among Older Adults: Evidence From an Eye-Tracking Study[J]. FRONTIERS IN AGING NEUROSCIENCE,2021,13:14.
APA Liu, Haining,Liu, Haihong,Li, Feng,Han, Buxin,&Wang, Cuili.(2021).Effect of Cognitive Control on Attentional Processing of Emotional Information Among Older Adults: Evidence From an Eye-Tracking Study.FRONTIERS IN AGING NEUROSCIENCE,13,14.
MLA Liu, Haining,et al."Effect of Cognitive Control on Attentional Processing of Emotional Information Among Older Adults: Evidence From an Eye-Tracking Study".FRONTIERS IN AGING NEUROSCIENCE 13(2021):14.
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