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The Effect of Tai Chi Chuan on Emotional Health: Potential Mechanisms and Prefrontal Cortex Hypothesis.
Ying Yao1,2; Likun Ge1,2; Qian Yu3; Xiaohong Du4; Xiangyang Zhang1; Ruth Taylor-Piliae5; Gao-Xia Wei1,2,6
First AuthorYao,Ying
Correspondent Emailweigx@psych.ac.cn
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Deep involvement in the negative mood over long periods of time likely results in emotional disturbances/disorders and poor mental health. Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) is regarded as a typical mind-body practice combining aerobic exercise and meditation to prevent and treat negative mood. Although there are an increasing number of TCC studies examining anxiety, depression, and mental stress, the mechanisms underlying these negative emotions are not fully understood. Tis review study examined TCC studies related to emotional health from both clinical patients and healthy individuals. Next, several potential mechanisms from physiological, psychological, and neurological perspectives were evaluated based on direct and indirect research evidence. We reviewed recent functional magnetic resonance imaging studies, which demonstrated changes in brain anatomy and function, mainly in the prefrontal cortex, following TCC practice. Finally, the effects of TCC on emotion/mental health is depicted with a prefrontal cortex hypothesis that proposed an immune system of the mind indicating the role of the prefrontal cortex as a flexible hub in regulating an individual s mental health. Te prefrontal cortex is likely a key biomarker among the multiple complex neural correlates to help an individual manage negative emotions/mental health. Future research is needed to examine TCC effects on mental health by examining the relationship between the executive control system (mainly prefrontal cortex) and limbic network (including amygdala, insula, and hippocampal gyrus).

2021-05-03
Language英语
DOI10.1155/2021/5549006
Source PublicationEvidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
ISSN1741-427X
Volume2021Pages:12
Subtype综述
Indexed BySCI
WoS QuartileQ3
StatusOA
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/39314
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorGao-Xia Wei
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
2.Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
3.Department of Child Rehabilitation, Te Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, China
4.College of Physical Education and Sports, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
5.College of Nursing, University of Arizona, Tucson, USA
6.Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ying Yao,Likun Ge,Qian Yu,et al. The Effect of Tai Chi Chuan on Emotional Health: Potential Mechanisms and Prefrontal Cortex Hypothesis.[J]. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine,2021,2021:12.
APA Ying Yao.,Likun Ge.,Qian Yu.,Xiaohong Du.,Xiangyang Zhang.,...&Gao-Xia Wei.(2021).The Effect of Tai Chi Chuan on Emotional Health: Potential Mechanisms and Prefrontal Cortex Hypothesis..Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine,2021,12.
MLA Ying Yao,et al."The Effect of Tai Chi Chuan on Emotional Health: Potential Mechanisms and Prefrontal Cortex Hypothesis.".Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2021(2021):12.
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