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Post-retrieval distortions of self-referential negative memory: Valence consistency enhances gist-directed false, while non-negative interference generates more intrusive updates
Dong-ni Pan; Xuebing Li
First AuthorDong-ni Pan
Corresponding AuthorLi, Xuebing(lixb@psych.ac.cn)
Correspondent Emaillixb@psych.ac.cn (xuebing li)
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

According to the theory of reconsolidation, the contents of an original memory can be updated after reactivation with subsequent new learnings. However, there seems to be a lack of appropriate behavioral paradigm to study the reconsolidation of explicit self-related memory, which is of great significance to further explore its cognitive neural mechanism in the future. In two separate experiments, we adapted a trial-by-trial interfering paradigm with self-episodic simulation process, and investigated whether 1) it is possible to reconsolidate negative memories under the new behavioral paradigm, and 2) how the emotional valence of post-retrieval interference material affects the reconsolidation of negative memory. Our results showed that negative memories under trial-by-trial self-simulation can be degraded and updated via post-retrieval interference processes. Individuals whose original memories were reactivated by initial background cues and who were then presented with new interference situations were less able to recall original scenes and showed more memory intrusions on these scenes than those who had experienced new learning without reactivation or only reactivation without interference. Furthermore, the extent and manner of memory change/updating was greatly influenced by the characteristics of the interference information. For memories with negative valences, new learning materials with the same valence produced superior interference effects in the form of lower correct recalls and more integrated false. Whereas, the neutral interference materials can cause more memory intrusion. Post-retrieval memory distortions of negative self-memory may underlie different functional mechanisms.

Keywordreconsolidation self-referential episodic simulation emotion updating
2021
Language英语
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2021.668737
Source PublicationFrontiers in Psychology
ISSN1664-1078
Volume12Pages:16
Subtype实证研究
Indexed BySSCI
Funding ProjectNational Nature Science Foundation of China[NSFC 31530031] ; National Nature Science Foundation of China[31671136] ; Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
WOS KeywordMENTAL TIME-TRAVEL ; EPISODIC MEMORY ; AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL MEMORY ; DECLARATIVE MEMORY ; RECONSOLIDATION ; STRESS ; REACTIVATION ; FEAR ; STABILIZATION ; MECHANISMS
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000670891600001
QuartileQ2
StatusOA
Population人类
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/39333
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorDong-ni Pan
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
2.2Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Dong-ni Pan,Xuebing Li. Post-retrieval distortions of self-referential negative memory: Valence consistency enhances gist-directed false, while non-negative interference generates more intrusive updates[J]. Frontiers in Psychology,2021,12:16.
APA Dong-ni Pan,&Xuebing Li.(2021).Post-retrieval distortions of self-referential negative memory: Valence consistency enhances gist-directed false, while non-negative interference generates more intrusive updates.Frontiers in Psychology,12,16.
MLA Dong-ni Pan,et al."Post-retrieval distortions of self-referential negative memory: Valence consistency enhances gist-directed false, while non-negative interference generates more intrusive updates".Frontiers in Psychology 12(2021):16.
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