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Self-awareness buffers the consequences of negative feedback: Evidence from an ERP study
Xu, Min1; Liu, Bu1,2; Gu, Ruolei3,4; Yang, Suyong5; Wang, Hongbo1; Zhu, Xiangru1,2
First AuthorXu, Min
Correspondent Emailzhuxiangru@gmail.com (x. zhu)
Contribution Rank3
Abstract

Previous studies have found that self-awareness can help people to recruit more cognitive resources, while people with more cognitive resources can better buffer the detrimental effects of negative events. However, it is not clear whether self-awareness can directly buffer the consequences of negative feedback (i.e., reducing neural sensitivity to negative feedback). To explore this issue, we used a scrambled sentence task (SST) to manipulate participants? self-awareness (self vs. other) and investigated whether outcome evaluations in a gambling task are modulated by the self-awareness priming. Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were recorded while 27 normal adults performed a gambling task. The ERP analysis focused on the feedback-related negativity (FRN), reward positivity (RewP) and P300 component. We found that the self-awareness priming resulted in a smaller FRN response to the losses compared with the other-awareness priming. There was no significant difference in the RewP response to wins between the self-awareness condition and the other-awareness condition. We also found that the self-awareness condition evoked larger P300 amplitude than the other-awareness condition. The present findings suggest that self-awareness can help people to cope with negative feedback in the early semiautomatic outcome evaluation stage (i.e., reducing neural sensitivity to negative feedback) and enhance top-down evaluation to both positive and negative feedback in the late and deliberate stage, providing direct evidence of the adaptive function of self-awareness on outcome experience.

KeywordSelf-awareness Outcome evaluation Cognitive resource Feedback-related negativity (FRN) Event-related potentials (ERPs)
2021-06-01
Language英语
DOI10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2021.02.004
Source PublicationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY
ISSN0167-8760
Volume164Pages:9-16
Subtype实证研究
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31300846]
PublisherELSEVIER
WOS KeywordANTERIOR CINGULATE ; REWARD ; SENSITIVITY ; POSITIVITY ; MIRROR ; AGE
WOS Research AreaPsychology ; Neurosciences & Neurology ; Physiology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Biological ; Neurosciences ; Physiology ; Psychology ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000645667300002
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/39360
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorZhu, Xiangru
Affiliation1.Henan Univ, Inst Cognit Brain & Hlth, Kaifeng 475004, Peoples R China
2.Henan Univ, Inst Psychol & Behav, Kaifeng 475004, Peoples R China
3.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
5.Shanghai Univ Sport, Dept Psychol, Shanghai 200438, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xu, Min,Liu, Bu,Gu, Ruolei,et al. Self-awareness buffers the consequences of negative feedback: Evidence from an ERP study[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY,2021,164:9-16.
APA Xu, Min,Liu, Bu,Gu, Ruolei,Yang, Suyong,Wang, Hongbo,&Zhu, Xiangru.(2021).Self-awareness buffers the consequences of negative feedback: Evidence from an ERP study.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY,164,9-16.
MLA Xu, Min,et al."Self-awareness buffers the consequences of negative feedback: Evidence from an ERP study".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY 164(2021):9-16.
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