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A network analysis of interoception, self-awareness, empathy, alexithymia, and autistic traits
Yang, Han-Xue1,2,3; Hu, Hui-Xin1,2,3; Zhang, Yi-Jing1,2,3; Wang, Yi1,2,3; Lui, Simon S. Y.4; Chan, Raymond C. K.1,2,3
First AuthorHan‑Xue Yang
Correspondent Emailrckchan@psych.ac.cn(chan, raymond c. k.)
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Altered interoception has been consistently found in people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and this impairment may contribute to social cognitive dysfunctions. However, little is known regarding the intercorrelations between interoceptive sensibility, autistic, alexithymic, empathic, and self-related traits. We recruited 1360 non-clinical college students and adults to investigate the complex inter-relationship between these variables using network analysis. The resultant network revealed patterns connecting autistic traits to interoceptive sensibility, empathy, alexithymia, and self-awareness, with reasonable stability and test-retest consistency. The node of alexithymia exhibited the highest centrality and expected influence. As revealed by the network comparison test, networks constructed in high- and low-autistic subgroups were comparable in global strength and structure. Our findings suggested that alexithymia serves as an important node, bridging interoceptive deficits, self-awareness, and empathic impairments of autism spectrum disorder. The co-morbidity of alexithymia should be considered carefully in future studies of interoceptive impairments and social deficits in ASD.

KeywordAutism Interoception Empathy Alexithymia Network analysis
2021-05-13
DOI10.1007/s00406-021-01274-8
Source PublicationEUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF PSYCHIATRY AND CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE
ISSN0940-1334
Pages11
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Science Foundation China[31970997] ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology
PublisherSPRINGER HEIDELBERG
WOS KeywordSPECTRUM DISORDER ; FUNCTIONING AUTISM ; CHINESE VERSION ; VALIDATION ; QUOTIENT ; INSULA ; SCALE ; CONSCIOUSNESS ; ASSOCIATIONS ; TRANSLATION
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Psychiatry
WOS SubjectClinical Neurology ; Psychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000650084100002
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/39402
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorChan, Raymond C. K.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Inst Psychol, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Univ Hong Kong, Dept Psychiat, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang, Han-Xue,Hu, Hui-Xin,Zhang, Yi-Jing,et al. A network analysis of interoception, self-awareness, empathy, alexithymia, and autistic traits[J]. EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF PSYCHIATRY AND CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE,2021:11.
APA Yang, Han-Xue,Hu, Hui-Xin,Zhang, Yi-Jing,Wang, Yi,Lui, Simon S. Y.,&Chan, Raymond C. K..(2021).A network analysis of interoception, self-awareness, empathy, alexithymia, and autistic traits.EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF PSYCHIATRY AND CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE,11.
MLA Yang, Han-Xue,et al."A network analysis of interoception, self-awareness, empathy, alexithymia, and autistic traits".EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF PSYCHIATRY AND CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE (2021):11.
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