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Gender differences in the benefits of meditation training on attentional blink
Yuzheng, Wang1,2; Yahong, Chen1,2; Yuqi, Sun1,2; Ke, Zhang3; Ning, Wang1,2; Yabin, Sun1,2; Xiaoxiao, Lin1,2; Jinyan, Wang1,2; Fei, Luo1,2
First AuthorYuzheng, Wang
Correspondent Emailwangjy@psych.ac.cn (jinyan wang ) ; luof@psych.ac.cn (fei luo)
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Previous meditation-related studies included considerably more women than men, potentially concealing gender differences in attention training effects. Here, we present a study exploring potential gender differences in short-term meditation training (MT) effects on performance in an attentional blink (AB) task with a balanced sampling of men and women. A total of 165 college students were randomized into three groups: MT, video game training (VGT), and control (CON). Participants completed a series of pre-intervention assessments, including the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (S-TAI), and self-reported mood, arousal level, and daily time spent playing video games. Participants then completed MT, completed VGT, or had no intervention (CON group). The MT and VGT sessions consisted of 4 days of 20 min of training per day. After training, participants re-rated their arousal state and emotional state, and then performed the AB task. Relative to the CON group, the MTorVGT groups showed a significantly reduced AB. Interestingly, regarding effects on AB performance,MT was more effective in women, whereas VGT wasmore effective in men. MT, but not VGT, decreased anxiety scores frombefore to after the intervention. The current results indicate that gender plays an important role in the benefits of attention training, and thus that clinicians should take gender into consideration when implementing meditation-based therapies.

KeywordMeditation Mindfulness Gender difference Attentional blink Game
2021-05
Language英语
DOI10.1007/s12144-021-01891-5
Source PublicationCurrent Psychology
ISSN1046-1310
Pages1-10
Subtype实证研究
Indexed BySSCI
Funding ProjectNNSF (National Natural Science Foundation of China)[31970926] ; NNSF[31271092] ; NNSF[31671140] ; Scientific Foundation of Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences[Y9CX441005] ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology[KLMH 2014G01] ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology[KLMH2016K02] ; CAS/SAFEA International Partnership Program for Creative Research Teams[Y2CX131003]
PublisherSPRINGER
WOS KeywordMINDFULNESS ; TASK
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000652980700002
WoS QuartileQ1
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/39425
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
中国科学院心理研究所
中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorJinyan, Wang; Fei, Luo
Affiliation1.CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 16 Lincui Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, People’s Republic of China
2.Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
3.Beijing Key Laboratory of Learning and Cognition, Department of Psychology, Capital Normal University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yuzheng, Wang,Yahong, Chen,Yuqi, Sun,et al. Gender differences in the benefits of meditation training on attentional blink[J]. Current Psychology,2021:1-10.
APA Yuzheng, Wang.,Yahong, Chen.,Yuqi, Sun.,Ke, Zhang.,Ning, Wang.,...&Fei, Luo.(2021).Gender differences in the benefits of meditation training on attentional blink.Current Psychology,1-10.
MLA Yuzheng, Wang,et al."Gender differences in the benefits of meditation training on attentional blink".Current Psychology (2021):1-10.
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