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The influence of friendship and merit on children's resource allocation in three societies
Engelmann, Jan M.1; Zhang, Zhen2,3; Zeidler, Henriette1,4; Dunham, Yarrow5; Herrmann, Esther1,6
First AuthorJan M. Engelmann
Correspondent Emailjan_engelmann@berkeley.edu (j.m. engelmann)
Contribution Rank2
Abstract

Recent work has suggested that principles of fairness that seem like natural laws to the Western mind, such as sharing more of the spoils with those who contributed more, can in fact vary significantly across populations. To build a better understanding of the developmental roots of population differences with respect to fairness, we investigated whether 7-year-old children (N = 432) from three cultural backgrounds & mdash;Kenya, China, and Germany & mdash;consider friendship and merit in their distribution of resources and how they resolve conflicts between the two. We found that friendship had considerable and consistent influence as a cross-culturally recurrent motivation: children in all three cultures preferentially shared with a friend rather than with a neutral familiar peer. On the other hand, the role of merit in distribution seemed to differ cross-culturally: children in China and Germany, but not in Kenya, selectively distributed resources to individuals who worked more. When we pitted friendship against merit, there was an approximately even split in all three cultures between children who favored the undeserving friend and children who shared with the hard-working neutral individual. These results demonstrate commonalities and variability in fairness perceptions across distinct cultures and speak to the importance of cross-cultural research in understanding the development of the human mind. (c) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KeywordFairness Friendship Merit Sharing Cross-cultural comparison Inequality
2021-08-01
Language英语
DOI10.1016/j.jecp.2021.105149
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0022-0965
Volume208Pages:14
Subtype实证研究
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectWhitney and Betty MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies at Yale University ; German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) PRIME (Postdoctoral Researchers International Mobility Experience) Fellowship
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
WOS KeywordPROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR ; DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE ; YOUNG-CHILDREN ; FAIRNESS ; PRESCHOOLERS ; IMPACT ; COLLABORATION ; CHIMPANZEES ; EVOLUTION ; AMERICAN
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Developmental ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000648655300012
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/39477
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorEngelmann, Jan M.
Affiliation1.Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Psychol, Berkeley, CA 94705 USA
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Aston Univ, Sch Life & Hlth Sci, Birmingham B4T 7ET, W Midlands, England
5.Yale Univ, Dept Psychol, New Haven, CT 06520 USA
6.Max Planck Inst Evolutionary Anthropol, Minerva Res Grp Origins Human Self Regulat, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Engelmann, Jan M.,Zhang, Zhen,Zeidler, Henriette,et al. The influence of friendship and merit on children's resource allocation in three societies[J]. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY,2021,208:14.
APA Engelmann, Jan M.,Zhang, Zhen,Zeidler, Henriette,Dunham, Yarrow,&Herrmann, Esther.(2021).The influence of friendship and merit on children's resource allocation in three societies.JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY,208,14.
MLA Engelmann, Jan M.,et al."The influence of friendship and merit on children's resource allocation in three societies".JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY 208(2021):14.
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