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应对依恋相关负性信息 依恋安全启动与依恋风格的作用
Alternative TitleCoping with negative information related to attachment --The role of attachment secure priming and attachment style
何婷婷
Contributor吴丽丽
2021-06
Abstract依恋被定义为人与人之间的情感纽带,拥有安全依恋内部工作模式的个体,在处理与依恋相关的积极和消极信息时,会采用一种相对开放的方式。在不安全依恋的个体中,依恋焦虑个体会采取一种过度激活的策略来确认关系的稳定,依恋回避个体则采取去激活策略来使自己免受负面信息的影响。依恋安全启动是通过激活与依恋相关的认知图式,使个体展现出依恋安全的优势。本文通过两个实验研究了依恋安全启动之后被试对依恋相关负性信息的加工,并考察了依恋安全启动与依恋风格的交互作用。 实验一采用信号检测论的方法考察依恋安全启动对依恋相关负性信息加工的评价分类,并考察其与依恋风格的交互作用。132名被试在线完成问卷和实验任务。实验结果发现(1)依恋安全启动有提高被试的主观反应偏向的趋势,相对控制组,安全组的被试倾向于将口标词评价为不是负性。(2)个体的依恋风格会预测反应偏向,依恋回避得分越高,被试的反应偏向越低;同时依恋焦虑得分越高,被试的反应偏向也越低,即高回避或高焦虑的个体倾向于将词评价为负性。 (3)依恋安全启动降低了高依恋回避个体将词评价为负性的倾向。 实验二考察依恋安全启动如何影响被试对依恋相关负性信息的主观痛苦体验,实验二正式实验中175名被试完成了线上实验问卷,一周后被试完成线上启动回忆书写任务(依恋安全启动组vs.中性启动组),并对50个负性词(24个依恋相关负性词和26个一般消极词)的诱发的主观痛苦体验和负性感受在0-20点量表上进行评分(分值越大,心理痛苦体验越强)。实验结果表明(1)个体的依恋焦虑水平越高,依恋相关负性信息诱发的主观痛苦体验越强。(2)依恋安全启动会增加依恋回避个体对于依恋相关负性刺激的痛苦体验,减少对负性感 受的抑制。
Other AbstractAttachment is defined as an emotional bond between people, and individuals with an internal working pattern of secure attachment adopt a relatively open approach to processing both positive and negative information associated with attachment. Among individuals with insecure attachment, individuals with attachment anxiety will adopt hyperactivating strategy to confirm the stability of the relationship, while individuals with attachment avoidance will adopt deactivating strategy to protect themselves from the influence of negative information. Attachment security priming enables individuals to display the advantages of attachment security by activating attachment related cognitive schemata. In this study, two experiments were conducted to investigate the processing of negative attachment words after attachment secure priming, and to examine the interaction between attachment secure priming and attachment style. In Experiment 1, we used the signal detection method to investigate the classification of attachment security priming on negative attachment words processing, and the interaction between attachment security priming and attachment style. A total of 132 participants completed online questionnaires and experimental tasks. Results :(1) Attachment-secure priming had a tendency to improve the subjective response bias of the words, and the subjects in the control group and the security group were more likely to evaluate the target words as not negative. (2) Individuals' attachment style can predict response bias. The higher the score of attachment avoidance have the lower the response bias. The higher the score of attachment anxiety have the lower the response bias of the subjects. the individuals with high avoidance or high anxiety tend to evaluate the word as negative. (3) Attachment security priming decreased the tendency of high attachment avoidance individuals to evaluate words as negative. In Experiment 2, 175 participants completed an online questionnaire and a week later completed an online priming recall task (attachment secure priming group vs. control priming group). And 50 negative words (24 negative attachment words and 26 general negative words) were rated on a 0-20 point scale (the higher the score, the stronger the psychological pain experience). Results:(1) the higher the level of attachment anxiety have the stronger the subjective pain experience induced by negative attachment words. (2) Attachment security priming increased the painful experience of attachment avoidant individuals to negative attachment words, and reduced the inhibition of negative feelings.
Keyword依恋安全启动 依恋风格 依恋相关负性信息 信号检测论 心理痛苦体验
Subtype硕士
Language中文
Degree Name理学硕士
Degree Discipline应用心理学(人格与心理健康)
Degree Grantor中国科学院心理研究所
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/39560
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
何婷婷. 应对依恋相关负性信息 依恋安全启动与依恋风格的作用[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院心理研究所,2021.
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