PSYCH OpenIR  > 健康与遗传心理学研究室
创造性因素对微咨询对话中顿悟诱发和症状改善的作用
Alternative TitleThe effect of creative factors on insight inducement and symptom alleviation of micro counselling dialogue
刘瑞璇
Contributor张文彩
2021-06
Abstract顿悟是心理治疗中的重要事件,如何提高治疗中的顿悟至关重要。本研究在高中生群体中使用微咨询对话文本诱发治疗性顿悟,从创造性的角度探究创造性的两个因素——新颖性与适配性,能否影响到治疗中的顿悟及治疗的效果。 研究一包含两个实验室研究,预实验在60 名研究生中初步探究了新颖性与适配性对微咨询对话文本诱发治疗性顿悟的增强效应,表明该研究方向的可行性;实验一进一步在高中生群体中采用相似的研究范式,并使用考试焦虑量表筛选了高低考试焦虑的高中生(高考试焦虑:n=48,低考试焦虑:n=54),探究新颖性与适配性对治疗中顿悟的诱发作用是否会受到个体症状程度的影响,结果表明适配性能显著增强治疗中的顿悟,且高考试焦虑个体相比较低考试焦虑个体在不适配条件下产生了更少的顿悟,表明适配性对有焦虑症状的个体的重要性。研究一表明了新颖性和适配性对治疗中顿悟诱发的作用,研究二在研究一结果的基础上,探究新颖性和适配性对干预或治疗的结果(情绪与症状改善)的作用。 研究二通过一个针对高中生(n=367)的网络干预实验,在真实的干预过程中探究新颖性与适配性对高中生广泛性焦虑(GAD-7)、考试焦虑(TAISF)、压力知觉(PSS)及训练前后的情绪效价、唤醒度、心理痛苦问题的困惑程度的影响。结果表明相对无真实治疗成分的对照组,干预组在干预后情绪效价和唤醒度显著提升,广泛性焦虑显著下降。此外,调节效应分析表明,新颖性在适配性与唤醒度提升量、困惑程度下降量及压力知觉下降量中起到调节作用,表明仅在高新颖(干预组)条件下,适配性能促进唤醒度提升、困惑程度下降和压力知觉的下降。 综上,本研究表明了新颖性和适配性增强微咨询对话诱发的顿悟及微咨询对话网络干预中情绪调节和症状改善的作用。
Other AbstractInsight is a significant and helpful event in psychotherapy, and it is vital to improve the psychotherapeutic insight in psychotherapy. This study used microcounselling dialogue among high school students to induce therapeutic insights, and explored whether the two factors of creativity-novelty and appropriateness can affect the psychotherapeutic insights and the effect of treatment. Study 1 included two laboratory experiments. The preliminary experiment explored the enhancement effect of novelty and appropriateness on the therapeutic insights induced by the micro-counselling dialogue texts in 60 graduates, indicating the feasibility of this research direction. In experiment 1, similar research paradigms were adopted to explored the effect of novelty and appropriateness among high school students, and the Test Anxiety Inventory were used to distinguish high school students with high- or low-test anxiety (high test anxiety: n=48, low test anxiety: n=54). The results showed that the inducing effect of insight during treatment will be affected by the degree of individual symptoms, that appropriateness significantly enhances insight during treatment, and individuals with high test anxiety have less insight under inappropriate conditions than individuals with lower test anxiety, indicating the importance of appropriateness for individuals with anxiety symptoms. Overall, study 1 shows the effect of novelty and appropriateness on the induction of insight in treatment, and then in study 2, we explored the effect of novelty and appropriateness on the results of intervention or treatment (improvement of emotion and reduction of symptoms) based on the results of study 1. Study 2 was an internet intervention experiment for high school students (n=367), and it explored the novelty and appropriateness to high school students general anxiety (GAD-7), test anxiety (TAISF), pressure perception (PSS) and the influence of emotional valence, arousal, and the degree of confusion before and after training. The results showed that compared with the control group without real treatment components, the intervention group's emotional valence and arousal were significantly increased after the intervention, and generalized anxiety decreased significantly. In addition, the moderating effect analysis shows that novelty has a moderating effect in appropriateness and increase in arousal, the decrease in confusion, and the decrease in perceived pressure, indicating that only under the condition of high novelty (intervention group), appropriateness have an enhance effect on intervention effects. In summary, this study shows that novelty and appropriateness enhance the insight induced by micro-counselling dialogue, and on the other hand, novelty and appropriateness have intervention effects of emotion regulation and symptom reduction in a micro-consulting dialogue based internet intervention.
Keyword顿悟 新颖性 适配性 认知行为疗法 广泛性焦虑
Subtype硕士
Language中文
Degree Name理学硕士
Degree Discipline应用心理
Degree Grantor中国科学院心理研究所
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/39565
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
刘瑞璇. 创造性因素对微咨询对话中顿悟诱发和症状改善的作用[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院心理研究所,2021.
Files in This Item:
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
刘瑞璇-硕士学位论文.pdf(2392KB)学位论文 限制开放CC BY-NC-SAApplication Full Text
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[刘瑞璇]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[刘瑞璇]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[刘瑞璇]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.