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Association between empathy and clinical symptoms in chronic schizophrenia: A large sample study based on Chinese Han population
Wang, Wenjia1,2; Zhou, Yongjie3; Liu, Ran1,2; Wei, Shuochi1,2; Xu, Hang1,2; Wang, Jiesi1,2; Wang, Li1,2; Trinh, Tammy H.4; Wu, Hanjing E.4; Wang, Dongmei1,2; Zhang, Xiangyang1,2
First AuthorWang, Wenjia
Correspondent Emailzhangxy@psych.ac.cn (x. zhang)
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Background: In patients with schizophrenia, clinical symptoms and cognitive impairment are its core features, both of which have a significant impact on the prognosis and functional outcome. Empathy, as an important social cognition, has been found to be associated with the clinical symptoms in schizophrenia, but the conclusions on this issue are inconsistent. Therefore, this study will continue to explore it through a large sample of inpatients with chronic schizophrenia in the Chinese Han population. Methods: We obtained the sociodemographic characteristics of 987 inpatients, measured their clinical symptoms using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), and assessed their self-reported empathy using the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI). The factor score for negative symptoms (FSNS) of PANSS was additionally calculated. Results: Correlation and linear regression analysis showed that patients & rsquo; PANSS scores were widely correlated with their IRI scores. In particular, the negative symptoms of patients were significantly correlated to IRI total score (r = -0.131, p < .001) and subscales such as Perspective Taking (PT) (r = -0.233, p < .001). FSNS had close relationships with empathy as well. There are also many significant associations between other dimensions, such as general psychopathology and Perspective Taking (PT) or Fantasy (FS) (all p < .05). Conclusions: Our results indicated that clinical symptoms, especially negative symptoms, were closely related to their current empathy in patients with schizophrenia, suggesting that the severity of clinical symptoms may be a powerful factor in predicting social cognition such as empathy of schizophrenia.

KeywordSchizophrenia Empathy Clinical symptoms Negative symptoms
2021-07-01
DOI10.1016/j.jpsychires.2021.05.046
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRIC RESEARCH
ISSN0022-3956
Volume139Pages:106-112
Subtype实证研究
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectCAS International Cooperation Research Program[153111KYSB20190004] ; CAS Pioneer Hundred Talents Program ; CAS Key Lab of Mental Health
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
WOS KeywordNEGATIVE SYNDROME SCALE ; SELF-REPORTED EMPATHY ; SOCIAL COGNITION ; FUNCTIONAL OUTCOMES ; 5-FACTOR MODEL ; IMPAIRMENT ; DEFICITS ; NEUROCOGNITION ; INDIVIDUALS ; RISPERIDONE
WOS Research AreaPsychiatry
WOS SubjectPsychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000659230100014
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/39722
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Xiangyang
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Shenzhen Kangning Hosp, Dept Psychiat Rehabil, Shenzhen, Peoples R China
4.Univ Texas Hlth Sci Ctr Houston, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, Houston, TX USA
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Wenjia,Zhou, Yongjie,Liu, Ran,et al. Association between empathy and clinical symptoms in chronic schizophrenia: A large sample study based on Chinese Han population[J]. JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRIC RESEARCH,2021,139:106-112.
APA Wang, Wenjia.,Zhou, Yongjie.,Liu, Ran.,Wei, Shuochi.,Xu, Hang.,...&Zhang, Xiangyang.(2021).Association between empathy and clinical symptoms in chronic schizophrenia: A large sample study based on Chinese Han population.JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRIC RESEARCH,139,106-112.
MLA Wang, Wenjia,et al."Association between empathy and clinical symptoms in chronic schizophrenia: A large sample study based on Chinese Han population".JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRIC RESEARCH 139(2021):106-112.
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