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作业时间和指导语导向对10-12岁儿童发散性思维的影响
Alternative TitleThe Influences of Time and Instruction on Children s Divergent Production
程黎; 施建农; 刘正奎; 徐琴美
2008
Source Publication心理科学
ISSN1671-6981
Volume31Issue:6Pages:1389-1393
Abstract研究者以239名10岁、11岁和12岁的儿童为实验对象,采用四种作业时间(2分钟、4分钟、6分钟和8分钟)和两种指导语导向(无导向、导向独特性)为实验条件,考察了这些条件对儿童发散性思维的影响。结果发现,作业时间和指导语导向对儿童发散性思维的流畅性,变通性和独特性均有明显的影响。在该实验条件下,发散性思维的三个指标随作业时间的增加而增加。有导向组儿童的发散性思维作业成绩显著高于无导向组。另外,在各实验条件下,儿童的作业成绩都有随着年龄的增长而上升的趋势。
Other AbstractWe examined the influence of four types of time(2,4,6,8min) and two types of instruction conditions(originality prompt group and non-prompt group) on the divergent production of 239 aged 10,11 and 12.The results suggested that time had a strong,and typically linear influence on fluency,flexibility or originality scores in 8 minutes.The influence of instruction conditions on divergent production of the children was significant,too.The originality prompt group got higher scores than the non-prompt group on th...
Keyword指导语导向 作业时间 发散性思维 流畅性 变通性 独特性
Subject Area发展心理学
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Project国家自然科学基金项目(30370489);; 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向性项目(KSCXZ-SW-221);; 国家教育科学十五规划教育部重点项目(GBB010921)的支持
CSCD IDCSCD:3448738
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/4018
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding Author施建农
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
程黎,施建农,刘正奎,等. 作业时间和指导语导向对10-12岁儿童发散性思维的影响[J]. 心理科学,2008,31(6):1389-1393.
APA 程黎,施建农,刘正奎,&徐琴美.(2008).作业时间和指导语导向对10-12岁儿童发散性思维的影响.心理科学,31(6),1389-1393.
MLA 程黎,et al."作业时间和指导语导向对10-12岁儿童发散性思维的影响".心理科学 31.6(2008):1389-1393.
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