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Gossip and reputation in everyday life
Cruz, Terence D. Dores1,2; Thielmann, Isabel3; Columbus, Simon1,4; Molho, Catherine1,5,6; Wu, Junhui7,8; Righetti, Francesca1; de Vries, Reinout E.1; Koutsoumpis, Antonis1; van Lange, Paul A. M.1; Beersma, Bianca2; Balliet, Daniel1
First AuthorCruz, Terence D. Dores
Contribution Rank7

Gossip-a sender communicating to a receiver about an absent third party-is hypothesized to impact reputation formation, partner selection, and cooperation. Laboratory experiments have found that people gossip about others' cooperativeness and that they use gossip to condition their cooperation. Here, we move beyond the laboratory and test several predictions from theories of indirect reciprocity and reputation-based partner selection about the content of everyday gossip and how people use it to update the reputation of others in their social network. In a Dutch community sample (N = 309), we sampled daily events in which people either sent or received gossip about a target over 10 days (n(gossip) = 5284). Gossip senders frequently shared information about targets' cooperativeness and did so in ways that minimize potential retaliation from targets. Receivers overwhelmingly believed gossip to be true and updated their evaluation of targets based on gossip. In turn, a positive shift in the evaluation of a target was associated with higher intentions to help them in future interactions, and with lower intentions to avoid them in the future. Thus, gossip is used in daily life to impact and update reputations in a way that enables partner selection and indirect reciprocity. This article is part of the theme issue 'The language of cooperation: reputation and honest signalling'.

Keywordgossip reputation experience sampling indirect reciprocity partner selection cooperation
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectEuropean Research Council (ERC) under the European Union[635356] ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union[771391]
PublisherROYAL SOC
WOS Research AreaLife Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics
WOS SubjectBiology
WOS IDWOS:000702897200007
WoS QuartileQ1
Funding OrganizationEuropean Research Council (ERC) under the European Union
Citation statistics
Cited Times:8[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorCruz, Terence D. Dores
Affiliation1.Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Inst Brain & Behav Amsterdam IBBA, Dept Expt & Appl Psychol, NL-1081 BT Amsterdam, Netherlands
2.Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Dept Org Sci, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands
3.Univ Koblenz Landau, Dept Psychol, Landau, Germany
4.Univ Copenhagen, Dept Psychol, DK-1353 Copenhagen, Denmark
5.Univ Amsterdam, Ctr Res Expt Econ & Polit Decis Making CREED, NL-1001 NJ Amsterdam, Netherlands
6.Univ Toulouse 1 Capitole, Inst Adv Study Toulouse, F-31015 Toulouse, France
7.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
8.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cruz, Terence D. Dores,Thielmann, Isabel,Columbus, Simon,et al. Gossip and reputation in everyday life[J]. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES,2021,376(1838):9.
APA Cruz, Terence D. Dores.,Thielmann, Isabel.,Columbus, Simon.,Molho, Catherine.,Wu, Junhui.,...&Balliet, Daniel.(2021).Gossip and reputation in everyday life.PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES,376(1838),9.
MLA Cruz, Terence D. Dores,et al."Gossip and reputation in everyday life".PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 376.1838(2021):9.
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