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Honesty and dishonesty in gossip strategies: a fitness interdependence analysis
Wu, Junhui1,2; Szamado, Szabolcs3,4; Barclay, Pat5; Beersma, Bianca6; Cruz, Terence D. Dores6; Lo Iacono, Sergio7; Nieper, Annika S.6; Peters, Kim8; Przepiorka, Wojtek7; Tiokhin, Leo9; Van Lange, Paul A. M.10
First AuthorWu, Junhui
Correspondent Emailwujunhui@psych.ac.cn (junhui wu)
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Gossip, or sharing information about absent others, has been identified as an effective solution to free rider problems in situations with conflicting interests. Yet, the information transmitted via gossip can be biased, because gossipers may send dishonest information about others for personal gains. Such dishonest gossip makes reputation-based cooperation more difficult to evolve. But when are people likely to share honest or dishonest gossip? We build formal models to provide the theoretical foundation for individuals' gossip strategies, taking into account the gossiper's fitness interdependence with the receiver and the target. Our models across four different games suggest a very simple rule: when there is a perfect match (mismatch) between fitness interdependence and the effect of honest gossip, the gossiper should always be honest (dishonest); however, in the case of a partial match, the gossiper should make a choice based on their fitness interdependence with the receiver and the target and the marginal cost/benefit in terms of pay-off differences caused by possible choices of the receiver and the target in the game. Moreover, gossipers can use this simple rule to make optimal decisions even under noise. We discuss empirical examples that support the predictions of our model and potential extensions. This article is part of the theme issue 'The language of cooperation: reputation and honest signalling'.

Keywordreputation cooperation dishonest gossip fitness interdependence modelling approach
2021-11-22
Language中文
DOI10.1098/rstb.2020.0300
Source PublicationPHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
ISSN0962-8436
Volume376Issue:1838Pages:9
Subtype评论
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[71901028] ; Hungarian National Research, Development and Innovation Office NKFIH (OTKA)[K 132250] ; Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC)[430287] ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)[452-17-013] ; European Research Council (ERC)[771391]
PublisherROYAL SOC
WOS KeywordINDIRECT RECIPROCITY ; EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY ; 3RD-PARTY PUNISHMENT ; SOCIAL-INTERACTION ; COOPERATION ; REPUTATION ; EXPRESSIONS ; COMPETITION ; GENEROSITY ; PERCEPTION
WOS Research AreaLife Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics
WOS SubjectBiology
WOS IDWOS:000702897200018
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Hungarian National Research, Development and Innovation Office NKFIH (OTKA) ; Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) ; European Research Council (ERC)
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/40376
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorWu, Junhui
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Budapest Univ Technol & Econ, Dept Sociol & Commun, H-1111 Budapest, Hungary
4.Ctr Social Sci, CSS RECENS, H-1097 Budapest, Hungary
5.Univ Guelph, Dept Psychol, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
6.Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Dept Org Sci, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands
7.Univ Utrecht, Dept Sociol ICS, NL-3584 CS Utrecht, Netherlands
8.Univ Exeter, Business Sch, Exeter EX4 4PU, Devon, England
9.Eindhoven Univ Technol, Human Technol Interact Grp, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, Netherlands
10.Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Dept Expt & Appl Psychol, NL-1081 BT Amsterdam, Netherlands
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu, Junhui,Szamado, Szabolcs,Barclay, Pat,et al. Honesty and dishonesty in gossip strategies: a fitness interdependence analysis[J]. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES,2021,376(1838):9.
APA Wu, Junhui.,Szamado, Szabolcs.,Barclay, Pat.,Beersma, Bianca.,Cruz, Terence D. Dores.,...&Van Lange, Paul A. M..(2021).Honesty and dishonesty in gossip strategies: a fitness interdependence analysis.PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES,376(1838),9.
MLA Wu, Junhui,et al."Honesty and dishonesty in gossip strategies: a fitness interdependence analysis".PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 376.1838(2021):9.
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