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词汇学习中“快速映射”现象的机制
Alternative TitleFast Mapping in Word Learning Process
陈永香; `; T.Tardif; 孟祥芝; R.Pulverman; 朱莉琪
2009
Source Publication心理科学进展
ISSN1671-3710
Volume17Issue:1Pages:71-77
Abstract词汇学习对于语言获得及有关认知能力发展有重要意义。通过考察儿童词汇的快速增长,研究者提出词汇学习涉及一个"快速映射"(fastmapping)过程。最近20多年,大量研究者考察了快速映射机制。一类研究者认为儿童依靠一些认知偏向来猜测新单词的意义;另一类研究者认为词汇频率、言语最末位置等语言环境因素影响该过程。最新研究趋向(如生成联合模型和词汇学习的贝叶斯推理模式)认为这两类因素都很重要,但对它们的作用时间和比重等仍有争议。
Keyword词汇学习 快速映射 贝叶斯推理 自我监控
Subject Area心理语言学
Language中文
Funding Project中国科学院心理研究所发展基金(O8CX081008);;国家自然科学基金(30570615)项目
NoteWord learning plays an important role in language acquisition and influences the development of other cognitive domains. Susan Carey suggested first that it involved a Fast Mapping process in word learning when she was investigating the phenomenon of children’s highly-expanded vocabulary. Many researchers studied the mechanism of Fast Mapping during the last two decades. One kind of researchers suggests that children can use a set of "cognitive biases" to guess the meaning of a new word. The second kind of researchers emphasize that language environmental factors, such as word frequency, utterance final position, influence Fast Mapping process. The newest research trends, such as Emergentist Coalition Model (ECM) and the Bayesian Inference Model of word learning, tend to believe that both cognitive ability and language environment are important for fast mapping; however, these theories are not unanimous as referring to the influencing time and proportion of the two factors.
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/4076
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding Author朱莉琪
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
陈永香,`,T.Tardif,等. 词汇学习中“快速映射”现象的机制[J]. 心理科学进展,2009,17(1):71-77.
APA 陈永香,`,T.Tardif,孟祥芝,R.Pulverman,&朱莉琪.(2009).词汇学习中“快速映射”现象的机制.心理科学进展,17(1),71-77.
MLA 陈永香,et al."词汇学习中“快速映射”现象的机制".心理科学进展 17.1(2009):71-77.
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