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中国社会转型过程中的心理变化:社会学视角的研究及其对心理学家的启示
Alternative TitleCultural and psychological changes during the social transformation in China: Sociological research and its enlightenments to psychologists
黄梓航1,2,3; 王俊秀4,5; 苏展2,3; 敬一鸣2,3; 蔡华俭2,3
First Author黄梓航
Correspondent Emailcaihj@psych.ac.cn
Contribution Rank2
Abstract

社会心理学有着社会学和心理学两种取向。虽然多数时候相对独立发展,但两者都对现代化带来的社会转型和变迁非常关注。社会学家从社会或社会结构的变化和人的变化两个方面对社会转型进行了大量研究,前者涉及城市(镇)化、社会阶层、社会流动性、家庭结构等,后者主要涉及中国体验、社会心态、群体心理、组织心理等。总体上,现有研究显示,现代社会个体主义上升,同时许多传统集体主义价值在式微。和心理学取向的研究相比,社会学取向的研究具有这些特点:倾向于采用本位概念、质性研究方法,特别关注中观群体心理,关注政治和政策影响,更具历史宏观视野等,这些都是心理学取向的社会心理学家需要学习和借鉴的地方。期待两种取向的社会心理学家在未来的研究中能有更多的合作,共同促进对转型过程中的中国和中国人的理解。

Other Abstract

Scholars have approached social psychology from two perspectives: a sociological one and a psychological one. Although two perspectives have mostly developed in a parallel way, both has paid much attention into a common area: societal changes and their psychological impacts. Past sociological research on Chinese societal changes has focused on two aspects: changes in society or social structure, and changes in people. The former mainly involves urbanization, social class, social mobility, and family structure; the latter mainly involves Chinese experience, social mentality, group psychology, and organizational psychology. Research suggests that while modern individualism has been on the rise, traditional collectivism has been declining. Compared with psychological approach, sociological approach tends to adopt more emic concepts and qualitative analyses, pays more attention to group psychology as well as the influences of politics and policy, and employs more macro-historical perspective. In future research, Chinese social psychologists from the two perspectives need to learn from and collaborate with each other, ultimately achieving a better understanding of the change of Chinese people and Chinese society.

Keyword社会变迁 社会转型 现代化 文化变迁
2021
Language中文
DOI10.3724/SP.J.1042.2021.02246
Source Publication心理科学进展
ISSN1671-3710
Volume29Issue:12Pages:2246–2259
Project Intro.

2017年度国家社会科学基金重大招标项目“中国社会变迁过程中的文化与心理变化”(17ZDA324)的阶段性成果

Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/40909
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding Author蔡华俭
Affiliation1.成都大学心理健康教育中心
2.中国科学院心理研究所人格与社会心理研究中心
3.中国科学院大学心理学系
4.内蒙古师范大学心理学院
5.中国社会科学院社会学研究所
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
黄梓航,王俊秀,苏展,等. 中国社会转型过程中的心理变化:社会学视角的研究及其对心理学家的启示[J]. 心理科学进展,2021,29(12):2246–2259.
APA 黄梓航,王俊秀,苏展,敬一鸣,&蔡华俭.(2021).中国社会转型过程中的心理变化:社会学视角的研究及其对心理学家的启示.心理科学进展,29(12),2246–2259.
MLA 黄梓航,et al."中国社会转型过程中的心理变化:社会学视角的研究及其对心理学家的启示".心理科学进展 29.12(2021):2246–2259.
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