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社会支持在父母离异对中学生心理健康影响中的作用
Alternative TitleEffect of Social Support on Mental Health of Middle School Students with Parents' Divorce
刘恒; 张建新
2009
Source Publication中国全科医学
ISSN1007-9572
Volume12Issue:9Pages:778-780
Abstract目的探讨父母离异对中学生心理健康的影响,分析性别、城乡背景、社会支持在其中所起的作用。方法以广东、四川、河南3省的大中城市和县城的13所学校的1882名初一到高三的中学生为调查对象,采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)和社会支持评定量表对其心理健康状况和社会支持情况进行调查。结果292名中学生受到父母离异的影响,其SCL-90中躯体化、强迫症状、人际关系敏感、抑郁、敌对、恐怖、偏执、精神病性因子分〔分别为(0.63±0.04)分、(1.15±0.04)分、(0.91±0.04)分、(0.84±0.04)分、(0.89±0.04)分、(0.56±0.03)分、(0.77±0.04)分、(0.73±0.04)分〕与正常家庭中学生(1590名,分别为(0.53±0.02)分、(1.01±0.02)分、(0.77±0.02)分、(0.72±0.02)分、(0.73±0.02)分、(0.49±0.02)分、(0.68±0.02)分、(0.60±0.02)分)比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。城乡背景和性别因素对SCL-90多数因子无显著影响,仅性别因素对精神病性因子分有显著影响。分层多元回归分析显示,主观社会支持对SCL-90各因子分的方差解释量最大。结论父母离异对中学生的心理健康有显著的负面影响;在受到父母离异影响的中学生中,城乡背景和性别因素对其心理健康无显著影响;父母离异的中学生的主观社会支持是比年级、父母离异对其心理健康的影响更重要的因素。
Keyword学生 离婚 心理健康 社会支持 SCL-90
Subject Area健康心理学
Language中文
Funding Project中国科学院生物局资助重点项目(KSCX2-2-03)
NoteObjective To investigate the influence of parents' devoice on mental health of middle school students in China,and analyze the effects of sex,rural or urban background and social support.Methods The mental health conditions and social support of 1 882 high school students,from 13 schools in cities of Guangdong,Sichuan and Henan provinces,were tested by using the checklist of SCL-90 and the scales of objective and subjective social support.Results There were 292 students who were influenced by the divorce of their parents.Their SCL-90 factors in somatization,compulsive symptom,interpersonal relationship,depression,hostility,affright,paranoid,and psychopathy were(0.63±0.04),(1.15±0.04),(0.91±0.04),(0.84±0.04),(0.89±0.04),(0.56±0.03),(0.77±0.04),and(0.73±0.04)respectively,which showed statistically significant differences as compared with those(0.53±0.02),(1.01±0.02),(0.77±0.02),(0.72±0.02),(0.73±0.02),(0.49±0.02),(0.68±0.02),(0.60±0.02)of 1 590 students from normal families(P<0.05).However,there was no significant influence of rural or urban background and sex on the most of SCL-90 factors.Multiple regression analysis showed subjectively social support impacted the SCL-90 factors significantly.Conclusion The parent's divorce is of significantly negative influence on the mental health of the students mental health.However,the rural or urban background and sex give no significant influence.The subjectively social support is more effective than grade of the students and parents' divorce on student's mental health.
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/4226
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
刘恒,张建新. 社会支持在父母离异对中学生心理健康影响中的作用[J]. 中国全科医学,2009,12(9):778-780.
APA 刘恒,&张建新.(2009).社会支持在父母离异对中学生心理健康影响中的作用.中国全科医学,12(9),778-780.
MLA 刘恒,et al."社会支持在父母离异对中学生心理健康影响中的作用".中国全科医学 12.9(2009):778-780.
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