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四川老年人灾后主观幸福感状况
Alternative TitleSubjective well-being in elderly survivors after the 5·12 Wenchuan earthquake
李海峰; 况伟宏; 杨惠琴; 傅春胜; 陈天勇; 韩布新
2009
Source Publication中国老年学杂志
ISSN1005-9202
Volume29Issue:9Pages:1130-1134
Abstract目的评估5.12地震后四川灾区老年人的主观幸福感(SWB)状况及其影响因素。方法震后4、6和8个月,利用自编地震后受灾群众基本情况调查表和纽芬兰纪念大学幸福度量表,分别访谈200名安县、433名绵阳和390名成都受灾老年人。结果分层回归表明人口学变量和地震期间经历对老年人SWB都有显著影响。其中,模型1中人口学变量在三次调查中对SWB总变异的解释量分别为1.3%、12.9%和11.2%;模型2中,人口学变量和地震期间经历在三次调查中对SWB总变异的解释量分别为7.6%、23.7%和18.1%。加入地震期间经历变量显著提高了对SWB总变异的解释量。结论震后灾区老年人的SWB有随时间延长而提高的趋势。灾后心理干预要注意减轻老年人对地震的恐惧心理,并特别关注女性、文化程度低、仍从事农业劳动老年人的SWB状况。
Keyword5·12地震 灾区 老年人 SWB
Subject Area创伤心理学
Language中文
Funding Project中国科协项目(113000H369);;科技部863重点项目(2008AA021204)
NoteObjective To investigate the subjective well-being (SWB) of elderly survivors living in Sichuan and its predictors after 5·12 Wenchuan earthquake.Methods Using Memorial University of Newfoudland Scale of Happiness (MUNSH) and self-made questionnaire about demographic information and experiences in earthquake.200,433 and 390 elderly survivors from An'xian,Mianyang and Chengdu respectively were interviewed after four,six and eight months of earthquake.Results Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that demographic variables and experiences in earthquake had significant effect on elderly survivors' SWB.In model 1,the demographic variables which explained the variation of SWB in three investigations were 1.3%,12.9% and 11.2% respectively,while in model 2,the demographic variables and experiences in earthquake on SWB were 7.6%,23.7% and 18.1% respectively.The addition of variables about experiences in earthquake significantly improved the fit of the models.Conclusions With time expanded,SWB of elderly survivors after earthquake have a trend of improvement.Psychological intervention on elderly survivors after earthquake should alleviate their horrible feelings,simultaneously pay special attention on those persons who are female,with low education level and engaged in farmwork.
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/4244
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding Author韩布新
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
李海峰,况伟宏,杨惠琴,等. 四川老年人灾后主观幸福感状况[J]. 中国老年学杂志,2009,29(9):1130-1134.
APA 李海峰,况伟宏,杨惠琴,傅春胜,陈天勇,&韩布新.(2009).四川老年人灾后主观幸福感状况.中国老年学杂志,29(9),1130-1134.
MLA 李海峰,et al."四川老年人灾后主观幸福感状况".中国老年学杂志 29.9(2009):1130-1134.
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