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Alternative Title"You" is Different:Inhibition from A Second Person Functional Depiction to Object's History's Influence on Object Naming
王哲; 孙宇浩; 傅小兰


Keyword人造物 分类 设计 意图 功能
Subject Area认知心理学
Source Publication心理学报
Indexed ByCSCD ; CSSCI ; 中文核心期刊要目总览
Funding Project中国科技部973项目(2006CB303101)

How do people categorize an object into artifact domain? Many researchers consider creator's intended design(Bloom,1996)to be a mediate variable between the final judgment and many single factors,such as object's history(Gelman and Bloom 2000),plausibility of object's function(Asher and Kemler Nelson,2008),and creator's label to the object(Jaswal 2006).As an alternative theory,the utility-based view(Sun and Fu 2005)postulates that using-goal is the mediate variable instead of creator's design.This view predicts that if subjects consider them as users rather than viewers of an object,the object would be named as an artifact because its functional information would be strongly activated.We used a short-depiction-based object free naming task to test the above hypothesis(see Sun,Wang,and Fu,2006).More than 160 subjects were randomly assigned to one of four experiment groups.A 2(pronoun in functional depiction:"You" vs."someone" used the object)×2(object's history:naturally-formed vs.not mentioned)between-subject design was used.In a 7-page booklet we described 6 objects(one object per page)plus a cover page.Subjects were asked to read the depictions and write down their naming,confidence rating,and naming reasons for each object.The results showed an interesting interaction between pronoun and object's history.At the "someone" condition,subjects significantly less named objects into artifact domain when the object history was "naturally-formed" than "not mentioned".But at "you" condition such difference disappeared.Besides,subjects in both conditions named object into artifact domain no matter whether the object was formed naturally or not and their confidence ratings were at the same level.Finally,functional properties of objects were more listed as naming reasons in "You" condition than in "Someone" condition.Current findings suggest that object's function mediates object's history and category judgment.Based on this,we further discussed artifact concept categorization from the utility-based perspective.

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Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author傅小兰
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GB/T 7714
王哲,孙宇浩,傅小兰. 用“你”表述物体的功能会抑制成因对分类的影响[J]. 心理学报,2009,41(4):283-291.
APA 王哲,孙宇浩,&傅小兰.(2009).用“你”表述物体的功能会抑制成因对分类的影响.心理学报,41(4),283-291.
MLA 王哲,et al."用“你”表述物体的功能会抑制成因对分类的影响".心理学报 41.4(2009):283-291.
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