制造业技术工人工作-家庭关系的影响因素及其作用机制
其他题名Work-Family Relations:The Factors Influencing Work Quality of Skilled Workers in Manufacturing
梁川
学位类型硕士
导师时勘
2009-05-27
学位授予单位中国科学院心理研究所
学位授予地点心理研究所
关键词工作-家庭关系 工作-家庭增益 工作-家庭冲突 作用机制
摘要工作-家庭关系包括积极关系(如工作-家庭增益)和消极关系(如工作-家庭冲突)。随着积极心理学研究的发展,研究者们开始把关注的焦点从工作-家庭冲突转向了工作-家庭增益。本研究关注制造业技术工人这一庞大的劳动力群体,通过探索工作特征、工作-家庭关系与工作结果之间的作用关系,以及工作资源、工作-家庭关系、婚姻调适性、工作结果与角色重要性之间的作用关系,来深入探讨工作-家庭关系的影响因素以及作用机制。 本研究主要采用文献研究、问卷调查等方法,对来自制造业的技术工人进行了调查研究。综合验证性因素分析、结构方程模型和多组比较等多种统计分析技术,获得如下研究结论: 第一,工作-家庭增益是独立于工作-家庭冲突的变量,且影响更加广泛。工作-家庭冲突随工作要求的增加而增加,并对消极的工作结果显示出增强的影响作用;工作-家庭增益受工作要求和工作资源两方面的影响,并对积极和消极的工作结果均有影响作用。 第二,婚姻调适性通过工作-家庭增益的内部作用机制渗透入工作领域,对其结果变量产生作用。工作→家庭增益和家庭→工作增益之间可以相互促进,婚姻调适性通过工作→家庭增益↔家庭→工作增益的互惠关系,对工作领域的结果变量产生影响。 第三,家庭角色重要性对组织承诺有直接的提升作用,并能强化工作→家庭增益对组织承诺的积极影响作用。
其他摘要The work-family relations included positive relationship (work-family enrichment) and negative relationship (work-family conflict). Along with the development of positive psychology, the researchers turned their focus from work-family conflict to work-family enrichment. On the other hand, the research between work and family had just started and most attention was fix on work-family conflict. This research based on the skilled workers in manufacturing, and tried to discuss antecedents and the machanism of work-family relations through a series research which include action relation among job characteristics, work-family relations and outcomes of work, and the action relation among job resource、work-family relations、marital adjustment、work outcomes and role salience. This subject made the investigation to the workers who are working in manufacturing through literature research, questionnaire surveys and other methods. In this subject, several statistical techniques such as Explore Factor Analysis(CFA),Structural Equation Modeling(SEM), multiple-group Analysis were used to get the following conclusion: Firstly, work-family enrichment was an independent variable in work-family conflict, which had more extensively influence. Work-family conflict would increase accompany with the increasing of job demand, and it also would enhance negative work outcomes; work-family enrichment was effected by both job demand and job resource, and it made positive influence to positive and negative work outcomes. Secondly, marital adjustment penetrated into work domain through work-family enrichment inner effect mechanism, and influenced the work outcomes. The work→family enrichment and family→work enrichment could facilitate mutually, marital adjustment influenced the work outcome by the reciprocal relationship of work→family enrichment ↔ family→work enrichment. Finally, the family-role salience had directed loop-enhanced effect to organizational commitment and the importance could also enhance the positive function of work→family enrichment to organizational commitment.
页数83
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/4762
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
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梁川. 制造业技术工人工作-家庭关系的影响因素及其作用机制[D]. 心理研究所. 中国科学院心理研究所,2009.
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