A cross-cultural study of employers' concerns about hiring people with psychotic disorder: implications for recovery
Tsang, Hector W. H.; Angell, Beth; Corrigan, Patrick W.; Lee, Yueh-Ting; Shi, Kan; Lam, Chow S.; Jin, Shenghua; Fung, Kevin M. T.; H. W. H. Tsang
2007-09-01
发表期刊SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY
ISSN0933-7954
文章类型Article
卷号42期号:9页码:723-733
摘要Introduction Employment discrimination is considered as a major impediment to community integration for people with serious mental illness, yet little is known about how the problem manifests differently across western and non-western societies. We developed a lay model based on Chinese beliefs and values in terms of Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, and folk religions which may be used to explain cross-cultural variation in mental illness stigma, particularly in the arena of employment discrimination. In this study, we tested this lay approach by comparing employers' concerns about hiring people with psychotic disorder for entry-level jobs in US and China. Method One hundred employers ( 40 from Chicago, 30 from Hong Kong, and 30 from Beijing) were randomly recruited from small size firms and interviewed by certified interviewers using a semi-structured interview guide designed for this study. Content analysis was used to derive themes, which in turn were compared across the three sites using chi-square tests. Results Analyses reveal that employers express a range of concerns about hiring an employee with mental illness. Although some concerns were raised with equal frequency across sites, comparisons showed that, relative to US employers, Chinese employers were significantly more likely to perceive that people with mental illness would exhibit a weaker work ethic and less loyalty to the company. Comparison of themes also suggests that employers in China were more people-oriented while employers in US were more task-oriented. Conclusion Cultural differences existed among employers which supported the lay theory of mental illness.; Introduction Employment discrimination is considered as a major impediment to community integration for people with serious mental illness, yet little is known about how the problem manifests differently across western and non-western societies. We developed a lay model based on Chinese beliefs and values in terms of Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, and folk religions which may be used to explain cross-cultural variation in mental illness stigma, particularly in the arena of employment discrimination. In this study, we tested this lay approach by comparing employers' concerns about hiring people with psychotic disorder for entry-level jobs in US and China. Method One hundred employers ( 40 from Chicago, 30 from Hong Kong, and 30 from Beijing) were randomly recruited from small size firms and interviewed by certified interviewers using a semi-structured interview guide designed for this study. Content analysis was used to derive themes, which in turn were compared across the three sites using chi-square tests. Results Analyses reveal that employers express a range of concerns about hiring an employee with mental illness. Although some concerns were raised with equal frequency across sites, comparisons showed that, relative to US employers, Chinese employers were significantly more likely to perceive that people with mental illness would exhibit a weaker work ethic and less loyalty to the company. Comparison of themes also suggests that employers in China were more people-oriented while employers in US were more task-oriented. Conclusion Cultural differences existed among employers which supported the lay theory of mental illness.
关键词psychotic disorder recovery employment cross-cultural differences lay theory
学科领域工业与组织心理学
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000248983400007
引用统计
被引频次:59[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5121
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者H. W. H. Tsang
作者单位1.Hong Kong Polytech Univ, Dept Rehabil Sci, Hong Hom, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chicago, Sch Social Serv Adm, Chicago, IL 60637 USA
3.IIT, Inst Psychol, Chicago, IL 60616 USA
4.Minot State Univ, Coll Arts & Sci, Minot, ND USA
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
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Tsang, Hector W. H.,Angell, Beth,Corrigan, Patrick W.,et al. A cross-cultural study of employers' concerns about hiring people with psychotic disorder: implications for recovery[J]. SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY,2007,42(9):723-733.
APA Tsang, Hector W. H..,Angell, Beth.,Corrigan, Patrick W..,Lee, Yueh-Ting.,Shi, Kan.,...&H. W. H. Tsang.(2007).A cross-cultural study of employers' concerns about hiring people with psychotic disorder: implications for recovery.SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY,42(9),723-733.
MLA Tsang, Hector W. H.,et al."A cross-cultural study of employers' concerns about hiring people with psychotic disorder: implications for recovery".SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY 42.9(2007):723-733.
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