A new look at the "Asian disease" problem: A choice between the best possible outcomes or between the worst possible outcomes?
Li, S; Xie, XF; X. F. Xie
2006-05-01
发表期刊THINKING & REASONING
ISSN1354-6783
文章类型Article
卷号12期号:2页码:129-143
摘要The "Asian disease" problem (Tversky & Kahneman, 1981) demonstrated behaviour in contradiction to the invariance axiom of EU theory. However, the risky choice behaviour was simply seen by the equate-to-differentiate model as a choice between the best possible outcomes or a choice between the worst possible outcomes. It was then argued that a way in which frame influences choice is through the perceived difference between possible outcomes. A "judgement" task was designed to examine whether the knowledge of "the value difference between each possible outcome and the certain outcome" will permit prediction of preference in the choice pattern related to the Asian disease problem. Participants were exposed to an anthrax disease problem (the original or probabilistic version of the Asian disease problem) and a SARS problem (the fuzzy version of the Asian disease problem). It was shown that the empirical evidence in relation to the Asian disease problem could be satisfactorily accounted for by the generalised weak dominance strategy revealed by the judgement results.; The "Asian disease" problem (Tversky & Kahneman, 1981) demonstrated behaviour in contradiction to the invariance axiom of EU theory. However, the risky choice behaviour was simply seen by the equate-to-differentiate model as a choice between the best possible outcomes or a choice between the worst possible outcomes. It was then argued that a way in which frame influences choice is through the perceived difference between possible outcomes. A "judgement" task was designed to examine whether the knowledge of "the value difference between each possible outcome and the certain outcome" will permit prediction of preference in the choice pattern related to the Asian disease problem. Participants were exposed to an anthrax disease problem (the original or probabilistic version of the Asian disease problem) and a SARS problem (the fuzzy version of the Asian disease problem). It was shown that the empirical evidence in relation to the Asian disease problem could be satisfactorily accounted for by the generalised weak dominance strategy revealed by the judgement results.
学科领域认知心理学
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000237865500001
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被引频次:13[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5129
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者X. F. Xie
作者单位1.Peking Univ, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
2.China Peking Univ, Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
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Li, S,Xie, XF,X. F. Xie. A new look at the "Asian disease" problem: A choice between the best possible outcomes or between the worst possible outcomes?[J]. THINKING & REASONING,2006,12(2):129-143.
APA Li, S,Xie, XF,&X. F. Xie.(2006).A new look at the "Asian disease" problem: A choice between the best possible outcomes or between the worst possible outcomes?.THINKING & REASONING,12(2),129-143.
MLA Li, S,et al."A new look at the "Asian disease" problem: A choice between the best possible outcomes or between the worst possible outcomes?".THINKING & REASONING 12.2(2006):129-143.
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