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Acupuncture for the treatment of drug addiction
Cui, Cai-Lian1,2,3,4; Wu, Liu-Zhen1,2,3,4; Luo, Fei1,2,3,4,5
2008-10-01
Source PublicationNEUROCHEMICAL RESEARCH
ISSN0364-3190
SubtypeReview
Volume33Issue:10Pages:2013-2022
AbstractOver the last three decades there has been an increasing interest in acupuncture treatment of substance abuse around the world. Three important steps can be identified in this field. Dr. Wen of Hong Kong was the first (1972) to report that acupuncture at 4 body points and 2 ear points combined with electrical stimulation can relieve opioid withdrawal signs in the addicts. The second major step was made by Dr. M. Smith in New York, the head of the National Acupuncture Detoxification Association (NADA) of the USA, who finalized a protocol (1985), using only ear points without electrical stimulation for the treatment of drug abuse. The recent advance in this field was made by Dr. Han of the Peking University, Beijing, who characterized a protocol (2005), using electrical stimulation of identified frequencies on body points to ameliorate heroin withdrawal signs and prevent relapse of heroin use. In this review, the efficacy of acupuncture and related techniques for the treatment of drug dependence in experimental settings and clinical practice will be reviewed, and the possible mechanisms underlying this effect be discussed.; Over the last three decades there has been an increasing interest in acupuncture treatment of substance abuse around the world. Three important steps can be identified in this field. Dr. Wen of Hong Kong was the first (1972) to report that acupuncture at 4 body points and 2 ear points combined with electrical stimulation can relieve opioid withdrawal signs in the addicts. The second major step was made by Dr. M. Smith in New York, the head of the National Acupuncture Detoxification Association (NADA) of the USA, who finalized a protocol (1985), using only ear points without electrical stimulation for the treatment of drug abuse. The recent advance in this field was made by Dr. Han of the Peking University, Beijing, who characterized a protocol (2005), using electrical stimulation of identified frequencies on body points to ameliorate heroin withdrawal signs and prevent relapse of heroin use. In this review, the efficacy of acupuncture and related techniques for the treatment of drug dependence in experimental settings and clinical practice will be reviewed, and the possible mechanisms underlying this effect be discussed.
Keywordacupuncture drug addiction withdrawal syndrome relapse
Subject Area生理心理学/生物心理学 ; 临床与咨询心理学
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000259190900014
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5157
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Affiliation1.Peking Univ, Neurosci Res Inst, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Sch Basic Med Sci, Dept Neurobiol, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
3.Minist Educ, Key Lab Neurosci, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
4.Minist Publ Hlth, Key Lab Neurosci, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cui, Cai-Lian,Wu, Liu-Zhen,Luo, Fei. Acupuncture for the treatment of drug addiction[J]. NEUROCHEMICAL RESEARCH,2008,33(10):2013-2022.
APA Cui, Cai-Lian,Wu, Liu-Zhen,&Luo, Fei.(2008).Acupuncture for the treatment of drug addiction.NEUROCHEMICAL RESEARCH,33(10),2013-2022.
MLA Cui, Cai-Lian,et al."Acupuncture for the treatment of drug addiction".NEUROCHEMICAL RESEARCH 33.10(2008):2013-2022.
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