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Application of the Type D Scale (DS14) in Chinese coronary heart disease patients and healthy controls
Yu, Xiao-nan2; Zhang, Jianxin1; Liu, Xiaohui3; J. X. Zhang
2008-12-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH
ISSN0022-3999
SubtypeArticle
Volume65Issue:6Pages:595-601
AbstractObjective: To examine the psychometric properties of the Type D Scale (DS14) in mainland China. Methods: One hundred and seventy-eight coronary heart disease (CHD) patients and 376 healthy controls were recruited. They completed the Chinese version of the DS14, the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale, the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scale, the Perceived Social Support Scale,, and the Social Avoidance and Distress Scale. Thirty-five of the patients were also rated by their family members on the DS14. Results: The two-factor structure of the DS14 was replicated. The Cronbach's a coefficients for the negative affectivity (NA) and social inhibition (SI) subscales were 0.90 and 0.85, respectively, for the CHD patients and 0.87 and 0.69, respectively, for the healthy subjects. The correlations between the self-reports and the observer ratings (r(NA)=0.56, r(SI)=0.69) supported satisfactory consensual validity. Good convergent validity was shown by the expected correlations and the scale-level factor analyses of NA with depression and negative affect, and SI with perceived social support and social avoidance and distress. With the standardized cut-off of NA > 10 and SI >= 10, 31.4% of the CHD patients and 31.9% of the healthy controls in China were defined as having a Type D personality. Conclusions: The results indicate that the Type D construct is valid and reliable in Chinese populations. The Chinese version of the DS14 shows good psychometric properties. The prevalence of Type D personality in China falls within the range of what has been found in Western countries, at least for CHD patients. This study indicates that it is possible to use the DS14 among Chinese populations in future cross-cultural studies.; Objective: To examine the psychometric properties of the Type D Scale (DS14) in mainland China. Methods: One hundred and seventy-eight coronary heart disease (CHD) patients and 376 healthy controls were recruited. They completed the Chinese version of the DS14, the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale, the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scale, the Perceived Social Support Scale,, and the Social Avoidance and Distress Scale. Thirty-five of the patients were also rated by their family members on the DS14. Results: The two-factor structure of the DS14 was replicated. The Cronbach's a coefficients for the negative affectivity (NA) and social inhibition (SI) subscales were 0.90 and 0.85, respectively, for the CHD patients and 0.87 and 0.69, respectively, for the healthy subjects. The correlations between the self-reports and the observer ratings (r(NA)=0.56, r(SI)=0.69) supported satisfactory consensual validity. Good convergent validity was shown by the expected correlations and the scale-level factor analyses of NA with depression and negative affect, and SI with perceived social support and social avoidance and distress. With the standardized cut-off of NA > 10 and SI >= 10, 31.4% of the CHD patients and 31.9% of the healthy controls in China were defined as having a Type D personality. Conclusions: The results indicate that the Type D construct is valid and reliable in Chinese populations. The Chinese version of the DS14 shows good psychometric properties. The prevalence of Type D personality in China falls within the range of what has been found in Western countries, at least for CHD patients. This study indicates that it is possible to use the DS14 among Chinese populations in future cross-cultural studies. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
KeywordCoronary heart disease Cross-cultural comparison Negative affectivity Social inhibition Type D personality
Subject Area医学心理学
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000261622900013
Citation statistics
Cited Times:35[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5193
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding AuthorJ. X. Zhang
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Sch Publ Hlth, Fac Med, Ctr Biostat & Epidemiol, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
3.Capital Univ Med Sci, Beijing AnZhen Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yu, Xiao-nan,Zhang, Jianxin,Liu, Xiaohui,et al. Application of the Type D Scale (DS14) in Chinese coronary heart disease patients and healthy controls[J]. JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH,2008,65(6):595-601.
APA Yu, Xiao-nan,Zhang, Jianxin,Liu, Xiaohui,&J. X. Zhang.(2008).Application of the Type D Scale (DS14) in Chinese coronary heart disease patients and healthy controls.JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH,65(6),595-601.
MLA Yu, Xiao-nan,et al."Application of the Type D Scale (DS14) in Chinese coronary heart disease patients and healthy controls".JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH 65.6(2008):595-601.
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