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Attention to threat in high and low trait-anxious individuals: A study using extremely threatening pictorial cues
Li, Xinying; Wang, Min; Poltakoff, Ellen; Luo, Yuejia
2007-06-01
Source PublicationPERCEPTUAL AND MOTOR SKILLS
ISSN0031-5125
SubtypeArticle
Volume104Issue:3Pages:1097-1106
AbstractPrevious research suggested that individuals with high trait anxiety have difficulties disengaging their attention from threatening cues, whereas those with low trait anxiety have no such attentional bias. However, according to some cognitive models of threat-related attention, low anxious people should show the same pattern as high anxious people when the threat value is large enough. To test this hypothesis, extremely threatening pictures were used as predictive location cues in a cue-target task. Neutral pictures were included as controls. 15 High Anxious participants and 17 Low Anxious participants were selected from 213 volunteers who all were police veterans. Analysis showed that threat cues produced greater facilitation effects than neutral cues, but this was not modulated by anxiety. This suggests that both high and low anxious individuals may have difficulties disengaging their attention from threat-cued locations when the threat value is large enough.; Previous research suggested that individuals with high trait anxiety have difficulties disengaging their attention from threatening cues, whereas those with low trait anxiety have no such attentional bias. However, according to some cognitive models of threat-related attention, low anxious people should show the same pattern as high anxious people when the threat value is large enough. To test this hypothesis, extremely threatening pictures were used as predictive location cues in a cue-target task. Neutral pictures were included as controls. 15 High Anxious participants and 17 Low Anxious participants were selected from 213 volunteers who all were police veterans. Analysis showed that threat cues produced greater facilitation effects than neutral cues, but this was not modulated by anxiety. This suggests that both high and low anxious individuals may have difficulties disengaging their attention from threat-cued locations when the threat value is large enough.
Keywordselective attention emotional disorders anxiety bias
Subject Area认知心理学 ; 情绪心理学 ; 人格心理学
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000249136300007
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5205
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
2.Clin Chinese Peoples Armed Police Forces, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Manchester, Sch Psychol Sci, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England
4.Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Cognit Neurosci & Learning, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Xinying,Wang, Min,Poltakoff, Ellen,et al. Attention to threat in high and low trait-anxious individuals: A study using extremely threatening pictorial cues[J]. PERCEPTUAL AND MOTOR SKILLS,2007,104(3):1097-1106.
APA Li, Xinying,Wang, Min,Poltakoff, Ellen,&Luo, Yuejia.(2007).Attention to threat in high and low trait-anxious individuals: A study using extremely threatening pictorial cues.PERCEPTUAL AND MOTOR SKILLS,104(3),1097-1106.
MLA Li, Xinying,et al."Attention to threat in high and low trait-anxious individuals: A study using extremely threatening pictorial cues".PERCEPTUAL AND MOTOR SKILLS 104.3(2007):1097-1106.
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