Chinese children's explanations for illness
Zhu, Liqi1; Liu, Guangyi1; Tardif, Twila2; L. Q. Zhu
2009-11-01
发表期刊INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT
ISSN0165-0254
文章类型Article
卷号33期号:6页码:516-519
摘要The study explored how Chinese children spontaneously explained the causes of illness. Two groups of 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children from different socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds were recruited, with 30 children in each age group. A group of 30 college students were also recruited and their responses compared to those produced by the children. Participants' responses were coded as belonging to one of five mutually exclusive categories: psychogenic, biological, behavioral, symptomatic, or other. Results indicated that children's causal explanations were mostly behavioral and symptomatic, with more biological explanations for older children than for younger. In contrast, adults' explanations were mostly biological and psychogenic. Although adults were influenced by concepts in Chinese traditional medicine that tie negative emotions to illness, Chinese children did not mention emotional causes for illness. Nonetheless, Chinese children also offered some explanations based on concepts of "wind" and "cold," which may be a result of cultural experience with some aspects of traditional Chinese medicine.; The study explored how Chinese children spontaneously explained the causes of illness. Two groups of 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children from different socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds were recruited, with 30 children in each age group. A group of 30 college students were also recruited and their responses compared to those produced by the children. Participants' responses were coded as belonging to one of five mutually exclusive categories: psychogenic, biological, behavioral, symptomatic, or other. Results indicated that children's causal explanations were mostly behavioral and symptomatic, with more biological explanations for older children than for younger. In contrast, adults' explanations were mostly biological and psychogenic. Although adults were influenced by concepts in Chinese traditional medicine that tie negative emotions to illness, Chinese children did not mention emotional causes for illness. Nonetheless, Chinese children also offered some explanations based on concepts of "wind" and "cold," which may be a result of cultural experience with some aspects of traditional Chinese medicine.
关键词Chinese traditional medicine culture illness naive biology
学科领域认知心理学 ; 发展心理学
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000271142100004
引用统计
被引频次:13[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5247
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者L. Q. Zhu
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Zhu, Liqi,Liu, Guangyi,Tardif, Twila,et al. Chinese children's explanations for illness[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT,2009,33(6):516-519.
APA Zhu, Liqi,Liu, Guangyi,Tardif, Twila,&L. Q. Zhu.(2009).Chinese children's explanations for illness.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT,33(6),516-519.
MLA Zhu, Liqi,et al."Chinese children's explanations for illness".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT 33.6(2009):516-519.
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