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Chinese children's explanations for illness
Zhu, Liqi1; Liu, Guangyi1; Tardif, Twila2; L. Q. Zhu
2009-11-01
Source PublicationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT
ISSN0165-0254
SubtypeArticle
Volume33Issue:6Pages:516-519
AbstractThe study explored how Chinese children spontaneously explained the causes of illness. Two groups of 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children from different socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds were recruited, with 30 children in each age group. A group of 30 college students were also recruited and their responses compared to those produced by the children. Participants' responses were coded as belonging to one of five mutually exclusive categories: psychogenic, biological, behavioral, symptomatic, or other. Results indicated that children's causal explanations were mostly behavioral and symptomatic, with more biological explanations for older children than for younger. In contrast, adults' explanations were mostly biological and psychogenic. Although adults were influenced by concepts in Chinese traditional medicine that tie negative emotions to illness, Chinese children did not mention emotional causes for illness. Nonetheless, Chinese children also offered some explanations based on concepts of "wind" and "cold," which may be a result of cultural experience with some aspects of traditional Chinese medicine.; The study explored how Chinese children spontaneously explained the causes of illness. Two groups of 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children from different socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds were recruited, with 30 children in each age group. A group of 30 college students were also recruited and their responses compared to those produced by the children. Participants' responses were coded as belonging to one of five mutually exclusive categories: psychogenic, biological, behavioral, symptomatic, or other. Results indicated that children's causal explanations were mostly behavioral and symptomatic, with more biological explanations for older children than for younger. In contrast, adults' explanations were mostly biological and psychogenic. Although adults were influenced by concepts in Chinese traditional medicine that tie negative emotions to illness, Chinese children did not mention emotional causes for illness. Nonetheless, Chinese children also offered some explanations based on concepts of "wind" and "cold," which may be a result of cultural experience with some aspects of traditional Chinese medicine.
KeywordChinese traditional medicine culture illness naive biology
Subject Area认知心理学 ; 发展心理学
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000271142100004
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5247
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding AuthorL. Q. Zhu
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhu, Liqi,Liu, Guangyi,Tardif, Twila,et al. Chinese children's explanations for illness[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT,2009,33(6):516-519.
APA Zhu, Liqi,Liu, Guangyi,Tardif, Twila,&L. Q. Zhu.(2009).Chinese children's explanations for illness.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT,33(6),516-519.
MLA Zhu, Liqi,et al."Chinese children's explanations for illness".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT 33.6(2009):516-519.
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