Cultural variation in verbal versus spatial neuropsychological function across the life span
Hedden, T; Park, DC; Nisbett, R; Ji, LJ; Jing, QC; Jiao, SL; T. Hedden
2002
发表期刊NEUROPSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0894-4105
文章类型Article
卷号16期号:1页码:65-73
摘要Established culture-invariant measures are needed for cross-cultural assessment of verbal and visuospatial speed of processing and working memory across the life span. In this study, 32 younger and 32 older adults from China and from the United States were administered numerically based and spatially based measures of speed of processing and working memory. Chinese superiority on the numerically based tasks was found for younger adults. Age and increasing task demands diminished this cultural effect, as predicted by the framework proposed by D. C. Park, R. Nisbett, and T. Hedden (1999). However, the visuospatial measures of both working memory and speed of processing did not differ cross-culturally for either age group. The authors concluded that these visuospatial measures provide culture-invariant estimates of cognitive processes in East Asian and Western cultures, but that numerically based tasks show evidence of cultural and linguistic biases in performance levels.; Established culture-invariant measures are needed for cross-cultural assessment of verbal and visuospatial speed of processing and working memory across the life span. In this study, 32 younger and 32 older adults from China and from the United States were administered numerically based and spatially based measures of speed of processing and working memory. Chinese superiority on the numerically based tasks was found for younger adults. Age and increasing task demands diminished this cultural effect, as predicted by the framework proposed by D. C. Park, R. Nisbett, and T. Hedden (1999). However, the visuospatial measures of both working memory and speed of processing did not differ cross-culturally for either age group. The authors concluded that these visuospatial measures provide culture-invariant estimates of cognitive processes in East Asian and Western cultures, but that numerically based tasks show evidence of cultural and linguistic biases in performance levels.
关键词adult age-differences working-memory term-memory chinese words old-age dementia english mediation cognition speed
学科领域认知心理学
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000173794700008
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5297
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者T. Hedden
作者单位1.Univ Michigan, Dept Psychol, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Hedden, T,Park, DC,Nisbett, R,et al. Cultural variation in verbal versus spatial neuropsychological function across the life span[J]. NEUROPSYCHOLOGY,2002,16(1):65-73.
APA Hedden, T.,Park, DC.,Nisbett, R.,Ji, LJ.,Jing, QC.,...&T. Hedden.(2002).Cultural variation in verbal versus spatial neuropsychological function across the life span.NEUROPSYCHOLOGY,16(1),65-73.
MLA Hedden, T,et al."Cultural variation in verbal versus spatial neuropsychological function across the life span".NEUROPSYCHOLOGY 16.1(2002):65-73.
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