Deep brain stimulation of the substantia nigra pars reticulata exerts long lasting suppression of amygdala-kindled seizures
Shi, LH; Luo, F; Woodward, D; Chang, JY; J. Y. Chang
2006-05-23
发表期刊BRAIN RESEARCH
ISSN0006-8993
文章类型Article
卷号1090期号:2页码:202-207
摘要Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been used to treat a variety of neurological disorders including epilepsy. However, we have limited knowledge about effective target areas, optimal stimulation parameters, and long-term effect of DBS on epileptic seizures. Here we examined the effects of DBS of the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr) on amygdala-kindled seizures. Microwire electrodes were implanted into the SNr and amygdala of adult male rats. When stage 5-kindled seizures were achieved by daily amygdala kindling, high frequency stimulation was delivered to the SNr bilaterally 1 s after cessation of kindling. Our DBS protocol completely blocked kindled seizures in 10 out of 23 (43.5%) rats studied. Furthermore, when the same amygdala kindling procedure was performed 24 h later without DBS, the kindling failed to elicit any seizure signs in 6 of these 10 rats. Some of the post-DBS period of seizure suppression lasted for up to 4 days. In other 3 rats, only mild stage 1 to 2 seizures appeared following amygdala kindling. Only I of the 10 rats for which DBS had blocked kindled seizures exhibited full-scale 5 stage-kindled seizures 24 h after DBS. These results suggest that highly plastic neural networks are involved in amygdala-kindled seizures and that DBS, if well timed with the onset of amygdala kindling, may exert long lasting effects on the networks that may prevent the recurrence of kindled seizures.; Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been used to treat a variety of neurological disorders including epilepsy. However, we have limited knowledge about effective target areas, optimal stimulation parameters, and long-term effect of DBS on epileptic seizures. Here we examined the effects of DBS of the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr) on amygdala-kindled seizures. Microwire electrodes were implanted into the SNr and amygdala of adult male rats. When stage 5-kindled seizures were achieved by daily amygdala kindling, high frequency stimulation was delivered to the SNr bilaterally 1 s after cessation of kindling. Our DBS protocol completely blocked kindled seizures in 10 out of 23 (43.5%) rats studied. Furthermore, when the same amygdala kindling procedure was performed 24 h later without DBS, the kindling failed to elicit any seizure signs in 6 of these 10 rats. Some of the post-DBS period of seizure suppression lasted for up to 4 days. In other 3 rats, only mild stage 1 to 2 seizures appeared following amygdala kindling. Only I of the 10 rats for which DBS had blocked kindled seizures exhibited full-scale 5 stage-kindled seizures 24 h after DBS. These results suggest that highly plastic neural networks are involved in amygdala-kindled seizures and that DBS, if well timed with the onset of amygdala kindling, may exert long lasting effects on the networks that may prevent the recurrence of kindled seizures. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
关键词epilepsy rat basal ganglia intractable epilepsy high frequency stimulation
学科领域生理心理学/生物心理学
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000238628700024
引用统计
被引频次:30[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5303
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者J. Y. Chang
作者单位1.Wake Forest Univ, Sch Med, Dept Physiol & Pharmacol, Winston Salem, NC 27157 USA
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Neurosci Inst N Carolina, Winston Salem, NC 27107 USA
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Shi, LH,Luo, F,Woodward, D,et al. Deep brain stimulation of the substantia nigra pars reticulata exerts long lasting suppression of amygdala-kindled seizures[J]. BRAIN RESEARCH,2006,1090(2):202-207.
APA Shi, LH,Luo, F,Woodward, D,Chang, JY,&J. Y. Chang.(2006).Deep brain stimulation of the substantia nigra pars reticulata exerts long lasting suppression of amygdala-kindled seizures.BRAIN RESEARCH,1090(2),202-207.
MLA Shi, LH,et al."Deep brain stimulation of the substantia nigra pars reticulata exerts long lasting suppression of amygdala-kindled seizures".BRAIN RESEARCH 1090.2(2006):202-207.
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