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Effects of age and anxiety on episodic memory: Selectivity and variability
Li, JA; Nilsson, LG; Wu, ZY; JUAN LI
2004-04-01
Source PublicationSCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0036-5564
SubtypeArticle
Volume45Issue:2Pages:123-129
AbstractSelective age-related differences in source memory relative to item memory, and individual differences in memory performance in relation to anxiety were explored with high- and low-anxious subjects screened from normal young and elderly adults. They were read false facts about the locations of well-known and unknown sights in a male or female voice. Intentional and incidental learning instructions were administered for source memory. Selective age-related deficits in source memory were observed under both encoding conditions. Higher level of anxiety was related to lower memory performance only in the old group; this relation was stronger in source recall. The findings suggest that the presence of such selectivity is unrelated to the tradeoff between item encoding and source encoding. Anxiety affects the variability, and mediates the selectivity of age effects on episodic memory.; Selective age-related differences in source memory relative to item memory, and individual differences in memory performance in relation to anxiety were explored with high- and low-anxious subjects screened from normal young and elderly adults. They were read false facts about the locations of well-known and unknown sights in a male or female voice. Intentional and incidental learning instructions were administered for source memory. Selective age-related deficits in source memory were observed under both encoding conditions. Higher level of anxiety was related to lower memory performance only in the old group; this relation was stronger in source recall. The findings suggest that the presence of such selectivity is unrelated to the tradeoff between item encoding and source encoding. Anxiety affects the variability, and mediates the selectivity of age effects on episodic memory.
Keywordselectivity variability source memory item memory age anxiety
Subject Area认知心理学
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000189321200005
Citation statistics
Cited Times:8[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5355
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding AuthorJUAN LI
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, JA,Nilsson, LG,Wu, ZY,et al. Effects of age and anxiety on episodic memory: Selectivity and variability[J]. SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY,2004,45(2):123-129.
APA Li, JA,Nilsson, LG,Wu, ZY,&JUAN LI.(2004).Effects of age and anxiety on episodic memory: Selectivity and variability.SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY,45(2),123-129.
MLA Li, JA,et al."Effects of age and anxiety on episodic memory: Selectivity and variability".SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY 45.2(2004):123-129.
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