Effects of age and anxiety on episodic memory: Selectivity and variability
Li, JA; Nilsson, LG; Wu, ZY; JUAN LI
2004-04-01
发表期刊SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0036-5564
文章类型Article
卷号45期号:2页码:123-129
摘要Selective age-related differences in source memory relative to item memory, and individual differences in memory performance in relation to anxiety were explored with high- and low-anxious subjects screened from normal young and elderly adults. They were read false facts about the locations of well-known and unknown sights in a male or female voice. Intentional and incidental learning instructions were administered for source memory. Selective age-related deficits in source memory were observed under both encoding conditions. Higher level of anxiety was related to lower memory performance only in the old group; this relation was stronger in source recall. The findings suggest that the presence of such selectivity is unrelated to the tradeoff between item encoding and source encoding. Anxiety affects the variability, and mediates the selectivity of age effects on episodic memory.; Selective age-related differences in source memory relative to item memory, and individual differences in memory performance in relation to anxiety were explored with high- and low-anxious subjects screened from normal young and elderly adults. They were read false facts about the locations of well-known and unknown sights in a male or female voice. Intentional and incidental learning instructions were administered for source memory. Selective age-related deficits in source memory were observed under both encoding conditions. Higher level of anxiety was related to lower memory performance only in the old group; this relation was stronger in source recall. The findings suggest that the presence of such selectivity is unrelated to the tradeoff between item encoding and source encoding. Anxiety affects the variability, and mediates the selectivity of age effects on episodic memory.
关键词selectivity variability source memory item memory age anxiety
学科领域认知心理学
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000189321200005
引用统计
被引频次:8[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5355
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者JUAN LI
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
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GB/T 7714
Li, JA,Nilsson, LG,Wu, ZY,et al. Effects of age and anxiety on episodic memory: Selectivity and variability[J]. SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY,2004,45(2):123-129.
APA Li, JA,Nilsson, LG,Wu, ZY,&JUAN LI.(2004).Effects of age and anxiety on episodic memory: Selectivity and variability.SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY,45(2),123-129.
MLA Li, JA,et al."Effects of age and anxiety on episodic memory: Selectivity and variability".SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY 45.2(2004):123-129.
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