Electrophysiological correlates for response inhibition in intellectually gifted children: A Go/NoGo study
Duan, Xiaoju1,2; Shi, Jiannong1; Wu, Jianhui1; Mou, Yi3; Cui, Hairong4; Wang, Guiqing5; Jiannong Shi
2009-06-19
发表期刊NEUROSCIENCE LETTERS
ISSN0304-3940
文章类型Article
卷号457期号:1页码:45-48
摘要Superior response inhibition is an essential component of the advanced cognitive abilities of gifted children. This study investigated response inhibition in intellectually gifted children by recording event-related brain potentials (ERPs) during a Go/NoGo task. Fifteen intellectually gifted children and 15 intellectually average children participated. Our present findings showed that intellectually gifted children had shorter Go-P3 latency, indicating faster processing of Go stimuli, a finding consistent with previous studies. We focused on the two inhibition-related components, NoGo-N2 and NoGo-P3. The results showed that NoGo-P3 latency was shorter for intellectually gifted children compared to their average peers. N2 latency did not indicate the intelligence difference. These results suggested that intellectually gifted children showed faster inhibition when dealing with NoGo stimuli, and this superiority came from the later stages of inhibition, i.e., response evaluation or the success of inhibiting a response, as indexed by the shorter P3 latency.; Superior response inhibition is an essential component of the advanced cognitive abilities of gifted children. This study investigated response inhibition in intellectually gifted children by recording event-related brain potentials (ERPs) during a Go/NoGo task. Fifteen intellectually gifted children and 15 intellectually average children participated. Our present findings showed that intellectually gifted children had shorter Go-P3 latency, indicating faster processing of Go stimuli, a finding consistent with previous studies. We focused on the two inhibition-related components, NoGo-N2 and NoGo-P3. The results showed that NoGo-P3 latency was shorter for intellectually gifted children compared to their average peers. N2 latency did not indicate the intelligence difference. These results suggested that intellectually gifted children showed faster inhibition when dealing with NoGo stimuli, and this superiority came from the later stages of inhibition, i.e., response evaluation or the success of inhibiting a response, as indexed by the shorter P3 latency. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
关键词Event-related potentials Intelligence Go/NoGo Inhibitory Gifted
学科领域发展心理学 ; 认知神经科学
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000266360300011
引用统计
被引频次:16[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5367
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者Jiannong Shi
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Missouri, Columbia, MO USA
4.QiSeGuang Sch, Handan, Peoples R China
5.NE YuCai Sch, Shenyang, Peoples R China
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Duan, Xiaoju,Shi, Jiannong,Wu, Jianhui,et al. Electrophysiological correlates for response inhibition in intellectually gifted children: A Go/NoGo study[J]. NEUROSCIENCE LETTERS,2009,457(1):45-48.
APA Duan, Xiaoju.,Shi, Jiannong.,Wu, Jianhui.,Mou, Yi.,Cui, Hairong.,...&Jiannong Shi.(2009).Electrophysiological correlates for response inhibition in intellectually gifted children: A Go/NoGo study.NEUROSCIENCE LETTERS,457(1),45-48.
MLA Duan, Xiaoju,et al."Electrophysiological correlates for response inhibition in intellectually gifted children: A Go/NoGo study".NEUROSCIENCE LETTERS 457.1(2009):45-48.
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