Item-specific and generalization effects on brain activation when learning Chinese characters
Deng, Yuan1,2; Booth, James R.3; Chou, Tai-Li3,4; Ding, Guo-Sheng1; Peng, Dan-Ling1; D. L. Peng
2008
发表期刊NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA
ISSN0028-3932
文章类型Article
卷号46期号:7页码:1864-1876
摘要Neural changes related to learning of the meaning of Chinese characters in English speakers were examined using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). We examined item specific learning effects for trained characters, but also the generalization of semantic knowledge to novel transfer characters that shared a semantic radical (part of a character that gives a clue to word meaning, e.g. water for lake) with trained characters. Behavioral results show that acquired semantic knowledge improves performance for both trained and transfer characters. Neuroimaging results show that the left fusiform gyrus plays a central role in the visual processing of orthographic information in characters. The left superior parietal cortex seems to play a crucial role in learning the visual-spatial aspects of the characters because it shows learning related decreases for trained characters, is correlated with behavioral improvement from early to late in learning for the trained characters, and is correlated with better longterm retention for the transfer characters. The inferior frontal gyrus seems to be associated with the efficiency of retrieving and manipulating semantic representations because there are learning related decreases for trained characters and this decrease is correlated with greater behavioral improvement from early to late in learning.; Neural changes related to learning of the meaning of Chinese characters in English speakers were examined using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). We examined item specific learning effects for trained characters, but also the generalization of semantic knowledge to novel transfer characters that shared a semantic radical (part of a character that gives a clue to word meaning, e.g. water for lake) with trained characters. Behavioral results show that acquired semantic knowledge improves performance for both trained and transfer characters. Neuroimaging results show that the left fusiform gyrus plays a central role in the visual processing of orthographic information in characters. The left superior parietal cortex seems to play a crucial role in learning the visual-spatial aspects of the characters because it shows learning related decreases for trained characters, is correlated with behavioral improvement from early to late in learning for the trained characters, and is correlated with better longterm retention for the transfer characters. The inferior frontal gyrus seems to be associated with the efficiency of retrieving and manipulating semantic representations because there are learning related decreases for trained characters and this decrease is correlated with greater behavioral improvement from early to late in learning. (c) 2007 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
关键词lexical training transfer fMRI Chinese radical
学科领域心理语言学 ; 认知神经科学
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000257277600011
引用统计
被引频次:29[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5509
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者D. L. Peng
作者单位1.Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Cognit Neurosci & Learning, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Northwestern Univ, Dept Commun Sci & Disorders, Evanston, IL 60208 USA
4.Natl Taiwan Univ, Dept Psychol, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
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Deng, Yuan,Booth, James R.,Chou, Tai-Li,et al. Item-specific and generalization effects on brain activation when learning Chinese characters[J]. NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA,2008,46(7):1864-1876.
APA Deng, Yuan,Booth, James R.,Chou, Tai-Li,Ding, Guo-Sheng,Peng, Dan-Ling,&D. L. Peng.(2008).Item-specific and generalization effects on brain activation when learning Chinese characters.NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA,46(7),1864-1876.
MLA Deng, Yuan,et al."Item-specific and generalization effects on brain activation when learning Chinese characters".NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA 46.7(2008):1864-1876.
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